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Lilium columbianum - Hans.

Common Name Columbia Tiger Lily, Columbia lily, Oregon Lily, Tiger Lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist soils in woodlands, meadows, amongst ferns and amongst shrubs in sun or shade from sea level to 1500 metres[47, 90].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to California.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Lilium columbianum Columbia Tiger Lily, Columbia lily, Oregon Lily,  Tiger Lily


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lilium_columbianum_%28lit%29.jpg
Lilium columbianum Columbia Tiger Lily, Columbia lily, Oregon Lily,  Tiger Lily

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Summary

Bloom Color: Orange. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Lilium columbianum is a BULB growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

L. nitidum. L. parviflorum. W.G.Smith.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - raw or cooked[61, 105, 161, 213, 257]. The oval-shaped bulb is up to 5cm in diameter and is used as a vegetable in the same way as potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)[85, 256]. Starchy, with a slightly sweet taste[85]. The flavour of the cooked bulbs is said to resemble sweet chestnuts but with a slight bitterness[256]. The bulbs were highly prized by various native North American Indian tribes and were used as a staple food[118, 257].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Massing, Rock garden. Requires a moist not too heavy well-drained acid loam in light shade[47, 143]. Succeeds in full sun[143]. Plant bulbs 10 - 15cm deep[143]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[200]. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[200]. Special Features:North American native.

Propagation

Seed - autumnal hypogeal germination[130]. Best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in spring[163]. Stored seed will require a warm/cold/warm cycle of stratification, each period being about 2 months long[163]. Grow on in cool shady conditions. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K]. Division in autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[200]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[200]. Stem or leaf cuttings[163].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Expert comment

Author

Hans.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

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Subject : Lilium columbianum  
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