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Laburnum alpinum - (Mill.)Bercht.&J.Presl.

Common Name Scotch Laburnum, Alpine Bea Tree, Alpine Golden Chain Tree
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-7
Known Hazards All parts of the plant, and especially the seed, are poisonous[1, 61].
Habitats Stony hillsides[200] of mountain woodlands[7].
Range C. and S. Europe. Naturalized in Northern Britain.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Laburnum alpinum Scotch Laburnum, Alpine Bea Tree, Alpine Golden Chain Tree


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Etienne
Laburnum alpinum Scotch Laburnum, Alpine Bea Tree, Alpine Golden Chain Tree
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Etienne

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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Laburnum alpinum is a deciduous Tree growing to 5 m (16ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Cytisus alpinus.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cholagogue;  Miscellany;  Purgative.

The leaves are cholagogue and purgative[7]. The leaves have a similar effect to tobacco and have thus been used in treating nicotinism[7]. The plant is very poisonous and should not be used internally without expert supervision[7].

Other Uses

Miscellany;  Wood.

Wood - hard. It is highly esteemed by turners[7] and is used for making musical instruments[245].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Espalier, Specimen. A very tolerant and easily grown plant, it succeeds in almost any soil or situation[1] so long as it is not water-logged[11]. It grows well in heavy clay soils and in poor shallow limestone soils[245]. Succeeds in cold exposed situations and tolerates industrial pollution[200]. This species is closely related to L. anagyroides[11]. There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value[11]. The flowers have a delicious vanilla scent[245]. Plants can be successfully transplanted even when quite large[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. This species is notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Blooms are very showy.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse or cold frame[200]. Germination is usually very quick and good[78]. Prick out indoor-sown seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Another option is to pre-soak the stored seed for 12 hours in warm water and sow in an outdoor seed bed in early spring. These plants an be allowed to grow on in the seedbed for two years before planting them out in the winter. Cuttings of mature wood in late winter planted in the open ground[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cassia fistulaGolden Shower, Purging Cassia, Golden Chain Tree, Indian Laburnum14
Cassia sieberianaWest African Laburnum14
Laburnum anagyroidesLaburnum, Golden chain tree01

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Mill.)Bercht.&J.Presl.

Botanical References

11200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

jennifer wilson   Sun May 18 2008

It is 20th May and all other laburnhams are in flower, our tree is very prolific with leaves and growth but on one or two flowers, last year it was covered, why could this have happened Thankyou

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Subject : Laburnum alpinum  
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