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Iris missouriensis - Nutt.

Common Name Rocky Mountain Iris
Family Iridaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Many plants in this genus are thought to be poisonous if ingested, so caution is advised[65]. An arrow poison was made from the ground-up roots[207]. Plants can cause skin irritations and allergies in some people[238].
Habitats Meadows and streamsides[60]. Also found in pinewoods[79]. Often found in apparently dry situations, but always where moisture is abundant until flowering time[60].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to Mexico, east to South Dakota and Alberta.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Iris missouriensis Rocky Mountain Iris


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Iris missouriensis Rocky Mountain Iris
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Iris missouriensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Coffee.

The roasted seed is a coffee substitute[177, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Odontalgic;  Poultice;  Salve;  Stomachic.

Rocky Mountain iris was employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat various complaints, but especially as an external application for skin problems[257]. It was for a time an officinal American medicinal plant[4], but is little, if at all, used in modern herbalism. The root is emetic and odontalgic[61, 257]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints, stomach aches etc[257]. The pulped root is placed in the tooth cavity or on the gum in order to bring relief from toothache[207]. A decoction of the root has been used as ear drops to treat earaches[257]. A poultice of the mashed roots has been applied to rheumatic joints and also used as a salve on venereal sores[257]. Caution is advised in the use of this plant, see the notes above on toxicity[K]. A paste of the ripe seeds has been used as a dressing on burns[257].

Other Uses

Dye.

Yields a green dye[155] (part of plant used is not specified).

Cultivation details

Requires a moist soil, growing well in a moist border, but intolerant of stagnant water[1]. Easily grown in a sunny position so long as the soil is wet in the spring[187]. A polymorphic species[79]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first year. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Division, best done after flowering. Another report says that it is best done in spring or early autumn[187]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Bobartia indicaRush Iris00
Gynandriris sisyrinchiumSpanish Nut10
Iris cristataCrested Iris, Dwarf crested iris11
Iris decora 01
Iris douglasianaMountain Iris, Douglas iris00
Iris ensataJapanese Water Iris11
Iris filifolia 10
Iris foetidissimaStinking Gladwin, Stinking iris, Gladwin Iris02
Iris germanicaPurple Flag, German iris, Orris-root, Tall Bearded German Iris, Bearded Iris13
Iris germanica florentinaOrris, Orris-root13
Iris japonica 12
Iris kemaonensis 02
Iris macrosiphonBowltube Iris01
Iris pallidaDalmation Iris, Sweet iris, Fragrant Iris, Zebra Iris21
Iris pseudacorusYellow Flag, Paleyellow iris12
Iris purdyiPurdy's Iris00
Iris sanguineaBlood iris01
Iris setosaBeachhead Iris, Canada beachhead iris, Wild flag11
Iris sibiricaSiberian Iris11
Iris tectorumRoof Iris, Wall iris, Japanese Roof, White Root Iris10
Iris tenaxTough-Leaf Iris, Klamath iris01
Iris versicolorBlue Flag, Harlequin blueflag03
Solanum tuberosumPotato, Irish potato52
Tagetes filifoliaIrish Lace10

 

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Author

Nutt.

Botanical References

60200

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Subject : Iris missouriensis  
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