Hyacinthus orientalis - L.
Common Name Hyacinth, Garden hyacinth
Family Hyacinthaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards Poisonous, the sap can cause dermatitis[76]. The toxins are concentrated in the bulb[200].
Habitats Among rocks, up to 2000 metres in Turkey[93]
Range W. Asia. Naturalized in Europe around the Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Bloom Color: Pink, Red. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Mid spring. Form: Upright or erect

Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinth, Garden hyacinth

Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinth, Garden hyacinth
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of bulb
Hyacinthus orientalis is a BULB growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in) at a slow rate.
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.


 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Dye;  Essential.

An essential oil obtained from the flowers is used in perfumery[61, 171]. 1kg of the oil is obtained from 6,000kg of flowers[46]. A blue dye is obtained from the flowers[168].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Rock garden, Specimen. Easily grown in a well-drained sandy soil in full sun[90, 200]. Prefers a moderately rich soil[1]. The dormant bulbs are fairly hardy and will withstand soil temperatures down to at least -5°c[214]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are many named varieties[200]. When grown outdoors in Britain the bulb often gradually deteriorates each year due to a lack of summer heat that is required to fully ripen the bulb[1]. Eventually they look more like a bluebell than a hyacinth[K]. Bulbs should be planted out 7cm deep in October[1]. The flowers have a strong sweet fragrance that can fill the air for a considerable distance[245]. Special Features:All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame in a light sandy soil[1]. If sown thinly, the seedlings can be left in their pots for the first year, though give them regular liquid feeds to make sure that they get sufficient nutrient. Prick out the seedlings about 3 to a pot and grow on for 1 - 2 more years before planting out into their permanent positions when they are dormant[K]. Division in the autumn. Plant the small offsets 5cm deep[1]. Larger bulbs can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year in a cold frame before planting them out when dormant in late summer. Scooping and scoring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants


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Botanical References
Links / References
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Readers comment
Lawler Barnes   Sun Apr 8 2007

Nature Abhors a Garden Hyacinths are the subject for 15 April 2007

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Subject : Hyacinthus orientalis  

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