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Hemerocallis species - .

Common Name
Family Hemerocallidaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Large quantities of the leaves are said to be hallucinogenic. Blanching the leaves removes this hallucinatory component[205]. (This report does not make clear what it means by blanching, it could be excluding light from the growing shoots or immersing in boiling water[K].)
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A range of garden hybrids.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Hemerocallis species


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Hemerocallis_fulva0.jpg
Hemerocallis species
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Callipides

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Hemerocallis species is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

Leaves and young shoots - cooked. They have a delicious sweet flavour, but must be consumed when very young or else they become fibrous[K]. Flowers and flower buds - raw or cooked. The quality varies from cultivar to cultivar. All are pleasantly sweet and crunchy, though some leave an unpleasant after-taste in the mouth. In general, those with yellow or scented flowers are less desirable than those with brown to red flowers[K]. Root - raw or cooked.

Medicinal Uses

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The juice of the roots is an effective antidote in cases of arsenic poisoning[205]. A tea made from the boiled roots is used as a diuretic[205].

Other Uses

The tough dried foliage is plaited into cord and used for making footwear[205].

Cultivation details

There are many cultivars of garden origin in this genus that cannot be placed as part of a species simply because they are the result of many generations of hybridization. In general they all have edible flowers, young shoots and roots, though the quality will vary considerably from cultivar to cultivar. The following notes are general for the genus. Succeeds in most soils[1], including dry ones, preferring a rich moist soil[205]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in short grass if the soil is moist[1]. Succeeding in sun or shade, it produces more flowers in a sunny position though these flowers can be shorter-lived in very sunny positions[205]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Individual flowers are very short-lived, they open in the late afternoon and fade in the following morning[205]. Plants take a year or two to become established after being moved[1]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. The plants are very susceptible to slug and snail damage, the young growth in spring is especially at risk[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow in the middle of spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid and good, pot up the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring[K]. Hemerocallis cultivars will not breed true from seed, though seedlings do offer an opportunity to develop superior varieties for eating[K]. Division in spring or after flowering in late summer or autumn[200]. Division is very quick and easy, succeeding at almost any time of the year[K]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Hemerocallis altissima 41
Hemerocallis aurantiaca 41
Hemerocallis bulbiferum 41
Hemerocallis citrinaCitron daylily41
Hemerocallis coreana 41
Hemerocallis darrowiana 41
Hemerocallis dumortieriDumortier's daylily41
Hemerocallis exaltata 41
Hemerocallis forrestii 21
Hemerocallis fulvaCommon Day Lily, Orange daylily, Tawny Daylily, Double Daylily52
Hemerocallis fulva longituba 41
Hemerocallis graminea 41
Hemerocallis hakunensis 41
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelusYellow Day Lily42
Hemerocallis littoreaCoastal Day Lily41
Hemerocallis micrantha 41
Hemerocallis middendorffiiAmur daylily, Middendorf, Daylily51
Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta 51
Hemerocallis minorGrassleaf Day Lily, Small daylily41
Hemerocallis multiflora 41
Hemerocallis pedicellata 41
Hemerocallis plicata 41
Hemerocallis thunbergii 41
Hemerocallis yezoensis 41

 

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