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Griselinia littoralis - Raoul.

Common Name
Family Cornaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland to montane forests in North, South and Stewart Islands[44].
Range New Zealand.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Griselinia littoralis


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Griselinia littoralis
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Griselinia littoralis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in May. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Pukateria littoralis.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - a bitter flavour[173].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Hedge;  Hedge;  Wood.

Grows well by the sea, making a good hedge that tolerates maritime exposure[11, 29, 49]. Plants are very amenable to trimming[200], they are best cut in early summer[188] and can be cut right back into old wood if required. A slow-growing plant, but it makes a nice dense hedge[K]. Wood - very durable, firm, dense but slightly brittle. Used for ship building, railway sleepers etc[46, 61, 123].

Cultivation details

Prefers a rich light loam in sun or semi-shade[200]. Tolerates chalky soils[11]. Plants are very tolerant of strong maritime winds[182] but they can be damaged by cold dry winds. Tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c, this species is somewhat tender in most parts of Britain[11] though it usually regrows if cut back by frost[200]. The young shoots in spring are often cut back by late frosts[K]. Very tolerant of root disturbance, it transplants well even when quite large though it would then require staking at first when growing in exposed positions[166]. A number of cultivars have been developed for their ornamental value[182, 200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. It self-sows abundantly in the milder areas of Britain if both sexes are grown[11].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a greenhouse. It can also be sown in the spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts and give some protection for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 7 cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Keep the foliage moist. Pot up in August and overwinter in a sheltered position, planting out in late spring after the last expected frosts[78]. Cuttings of mature wood, 7 - 10 cm with a heel, October/November in a frame. High percentage[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Raoul.

Botanical References

1144200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

MICHAEL RYDER   Fri May 25 2007

WHAT IS THE BEST TIME OF YEAR TO TRIM? MY GRISELINIA HEDGE IS ABOUT 6/7 FEET AT THE MOMENT REGARDS MICHAEL

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Subject : Griselinia littoralis  
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