Grewia oppositifolia - Roxb.
Common Name
Family Tiliaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Foothills of the N.W. Himalayas to 1800 metres[146].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Grewia oppositifolia

Grewia oppositifolia
Physical Characteristics
Grewia oppositifolia is a deciduous Shrub.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

G. optiva. Drummond.

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. A pleasant acid taste[2, 11, 158]. The fruit is about the size of a pea[200].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Fibre;  Paper;  Wood.

A fibre is obtained from the bark, it is used in paper and rope making but is not very durable[146, 158]. The fibres are 1 - 1.6mm long[189]. Wood - tough and elastic but with a very unpleasant odour when first cut. It is used for making oar shafts, tool handles etc[11, 146, 158].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, preferring hotter summers than are usually experienced here[11]. Plants are often cultivated in the Himalayas[158].
Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in late winter in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Layering.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants


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Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
deepti bundela   Mon Jan 24 16:24:20 2005
This yree sp. is very well in adeptibility Im doing research on this tree sp. with one grass componant and one legume component and my topic is "ecophsiological studis of grevia optiva based on silvipastural system in semi arid tropical region " but after one or two years ii will be able to enter my data .i want much more data and photo of this tree pleas provid me by mail
shweta gupta   Thu Sep 6 2007
hai i m a research scholar. my topic is based on grewia optiva. i want a photo of grewia optiva for my thesis pls mail me a photo of grewia. i will be highly thankful to u.
shweta gupta   Fri Sep 7 2007
As Grewia optiva is well known tree in the himalayan region.i m doing reasearch on the same plant my topic is "Studies of productivity and nutrient cycling of Grewia optiva (Drummond) based silvipastoral system in bundelkhand region" it has been completed two and half year of my PhD.but due to some region i could not find all the related data. i will really thankful to u if u will mail me some related data nad photo of the same plant. i hope u will do my favour.thank u.
Dr. R C Uniyal   Wed Jan 16 2008
Grewia is multipurpose tree species and well known plant of Himalayan region. It is used for fodder, fuel, fiber, dye, nutritional, medicinal etc. Details of plants and photographas may be obtained from organisations, working in Uttarakhand State like FRI, WII, HAPPRC, HRDI, GBPUA&T, GBPIHEAD etc. Addresses can be taken from uttarakhand state website. Dr. RC Uniyal
Ashwini Kumar Sharma   Wed Mar 18 2009
Grewia Opositifolia locally known as Biul/Bhimal/Beolin Himalayan regions of Jammu & Kashmir/Uttrakhand is a very good fibre for making handmade paper and paper products. Kumarappa national Handmade Paper Institute has developed the appropriate technology for conversion of Grewia oppositifolia into handmade paper. our web site is Ashwini Kumar Sharma Dy.Director 18.03.2009
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Subject : Grewia oppositifolia  

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