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Gaultheria macrostigma - (Colenso.)Middleton.

Common Name
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Montane to lower sub-alpine open grassland and rocky places in North South and Stewart Islands from 39° and southwards[44].
Range New Zealand.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Gaultheria macrostigma


Gaultheria macrostigma

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Gaultheria macrostigma is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to May. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

G. antipoda microphylla. G. depressa microphylla. G. perplexa. Pernettya macrostigma. Colenso.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[173]. Fairly large[182]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

A good ground cover for sun or light shade.

Cultivation details

Requires a light well-drained lime-free soil[1]. The plant can make a good nesting place for mice, these mice then eat the bark of the stems in winter causing die-back. Dioecious. Male and female plants must usually be grown if seed is required. This species, however, does not need a male pollinator in order to fruit well. It also hybridizes freely in the wild with other members of this genus[11]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. Pre-chill for 4 - 10 weeks and surface sow in a lime-free compost in a shady part of the greenhouse and keep moist[78]. The seed usually germinates well, usually within 1 - 2 months at 20°c, but the seedlings are liable to damp off. Watering them with care and making sure you give them plenty of ventilation will reduce this risk. Watering them with a garlic infusion can also help to prevent this[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are about 25mm tall and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter[K]. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. The seedlings are susceptible to spring frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 3 - 6cm long, July/August in a frame in a shady position. They form roots in late summer or spring[78]. A good percentage usually take. Division in spring just before new growth begins. 'Drop' the plants 12 months earlier by digging them up and replanting them deeper in the soil so that the branches are buried and can form roots. This works best in a sandy soil[78]. It is best to pot up the divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse until they are established. Plant them out in the summer. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Gaultheria adenothrix 30
Gaultheria antipodaSnowberry20
Gaultheria appressaWhite Waxberry20
Gaultheria cumingiana 22
Gaultheria depressaMountain Snowberry20
Gaultheria fragrantissimaFragrant Wintergreen22
Gaultheria griffithianum 20
Gaultheria hispidaSnowberry21
Gaultheria hispidulaCreeping Snowberry41
Gaultheria humifusaAlpine Wintergreen, Alpine spicywintergreen40
Gaultheria insana 11
Gaultheria japonicaCreeping Snowberry41
Gaultheria mucronataPrickly heath40
Gaultheria myrsinoides 20
Gaultheria nummularioides 20
Gaultheria ovatifoliaMountain Checkerberry, Western teaberry30
Gaultheria procumbensCheckerberry, Eastern teaberry, Teaberry, Creeping Wintergreen43
Gaultheria pumila 20
Gaultheria pumila leucocarpa 20
Gaultheria pyroliifolia 20
Gaultheria pyroloides 30
Gaultheria rigida 10
Gaultheria sclelophylla 20
Gaultheria shallonShallon, Salal52
Gaultheria trichophylla 20
Gaultheria x wisleyensis 20

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Colenso.)Middleton.

Botanical References

1144

Links / References

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Subject : Gaultheria macrostigma  
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