Garcinia brasiliensis - Mart.
Common Name Bacupari
Family Clusiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mainly found in secondary forests, by rivers, floodplains, coastal moist broadleaved forests etc[625 ].
Range S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, eastern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, French Guiana.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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A cultivated fruit tree in South America particularly in Brazil, Bacupira or Garcinia brasiliensis is an evergreen tree growing up to 13 m in height with a dense and rounded crown. The bark is rough and the leaves are leathery and smooth.The ovate, orange-yellow fruit has an excellent flavor - it can be eaten raw or processed into jams. The seeds are used in poultices on wounds, whitlows, tumors, and enlarged liver. The wood is suitable for rural construction and fuel.

Garcinia brasiliensis Bacupari

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Garcinia brasiliensis Bacupari
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Garcinia brasiliensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana.

Edible Uses
Fruit - raw. The aril-like translucent subacid white pulp has an excellent flavour, suggesting that of the mangosteen[46 , 301 ]. A highly prized fruit, usually eaten fresh but also makes an excellent jam[46 , 301 ]. The ovate fruit may be 32 - 40mm long, with an orange-yellow, pliable, leathery, tough skin, 3 mm thick that is easily removed[332 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The seeds contain 8 to 9% oil (by weight), which is used in poultices on wounds, whitlows, tumours and, externally, over an enlarged liver[336 ]. An infusion of the pulp has a narcotic action with an effect like that of nicotine[336 ]. The root bark extract contains rheediaxanthone and a polyprenylated benzophenone, other lesser constituents, and 3 new prenylated xanthones[336 ].


Other Uses
Other Uses: The wood is irregular-grained, coarse-textured, heavy, moderately susceptible to rot[625 ]. It is suitable only for rural construction[625 ]. The wood is used for fuel[625 ]. We do not have any more information on the wood of this species, but a general description of the wood for trees in the Americas which were formerly considered to be in the genus Rheedia is as follows:- The heartwood is dark yellow-brown, grayish- or pinkish-brown, merging gradually into the sapwood; surfaces are sometimes specked with resinous exudations. The texture is medium to coarse; the grain straight to irregular and roey; luster medium to rather low; it is free from discernible odour or taste. Species in Surinam are rated durable to attack by decay fungi and fairly resistant to dry wood termites. Species in Colombia are resistant to a brown-rot fungus but not the white-rot in a laboratory assay. Under field conditions the wood was susceptible to decay and attack by insects. It dries rapidly, but is reported to be moderately difficult to air season, tending to warp and check. Reports on workability vary with species from moderate to high resistance to cutting to machining fairly well; reports on ease of finishing are also variable. The wood is used for purposes such as furniture, flooring (quarter sawn), heavy construction, and general carpentry[316 ].
Cultivation details
An understorey tree. It can be in seasonally flooded forest. A cultivated fruit tree. The fruit are popular. Fruit are sold in local markets. A plant of the moist tropics. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[625 ]. It does best and fruits more readily in full sun. Plants can tolerate at least some inundation[625 ]. Newly planted young trees establish and grow away fairly slowly[625 ].
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Place the seed on its side in a nursery seedbed or individual containers in a semi-shaded position[625 ]. A germination rate above 50% can be expected, with the seeds sprouting within 15 - 25 days[625 ]. The seed can only be kept for about 4 months.
Other Names
Achachairu, Pacura, Achycharii, Bacupari liso, Charichuelo, Guapom, Bacurizinho, Bacuri, Bacupari, Bacopare, Bacopari, Bacopari-miudo, Mangostao-amarelo, Escropari, Bacuri-miudo, Remelento, Bacuri-mirim, pacuri.
Found In
Amazon, Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil*, Ecuador, French Guiana, Paraguay*, Peru, South America,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Garcinia gardnerianaBacupari, achacha40
Garcinia kolaBitter Kola34
Garcinia madrunoMadruno, Charichuela, Madrono42
Garcinia mangostanaMangosteen, Manggis52


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Subject : Garcinia brasiliensis  

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