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Erythronium albidum - Nutt.

Common Name White Trout-Lily, White fawnlily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, the following notes have been seen for another member of this genus and so some caution is advised. Skin contact with the bulbs has been known to cause dermatitis in sensitive people[65].
Habitats Moist woods, thickets and meadows[43, 90, 235]. Mesic bottomlands, upland forests, woodlands, clay and silt bottomlands, floodplain forests from sea level to 300 metres[270].
Range Eastern N. America - Ontario to Minnesota, south to Georgia, Tennessee and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Erythronium albidum White Trout-Lily, White fawnlily


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 1: 506.
Erythronium albidum White Trout-Lily, White fawnlily
Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Erythronium albidum is a BULB growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Mar to April, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - raw or cooked[105, 161]. A delicious flavour[183]. Rather small, it is about 25mm long[235]. Young leaves - raw or cooked. Crisp, tasty, tender and mild when eaten raw[183]. Eating the leaves will greatly reduce the vigour of the bulb, so can only be recommended in times of emergency[K]. Flowers, flower buds and flower stems - raw or cooked[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers slightly acid soil conditions but succeeds in chalky soils so long as they contain plenty of humus[164]. Requires semi-shade, preferably provided by trees or shrubs, and a well-drained soil[164]. Succeeds in almost any light soil, preferring one that is rich in humus[1]. This species is closely related to E. americanum[235], but is unsatisfactory in cultivation outdoors in Britain[90]. It comes into growth early in the year and the flowers probably need more heat than is available in this country if they are to open properly[90]. A clump seen growing in light shade at Kew early in April 1995 was growing vigorously, spreading well and had lots of flower buds, but was not yet in flower[K]. Erythronium albidum often forms extensive colonies in which nonflowering, 1-leaved plants far outnumber flowering, 2-leaved ones[270]. Flowers are produced in 3 - 4 years from seed[164]. This species does not produce offsets[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a cold frame. Water lightly in summer, it should germinate in autumn or winter[164, 200]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification[164]. Sow as early in spring as possible in a cold frame. Sow the seed thinly so that it will not be necessary to prick them out for their first year of growth. Give an occasional liquid feed to the seedlings to make sure that they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants are dormant, pot up the small bulbs putting 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse for another 2 3 years and then plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant in late summer. Division in summer as the leaves die down. This species does not produce offsets[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Erythronium albidum mesochoreumPrairie Trout Lily30
Erythronium americanumTrout Lily, Dogtooth violet41
Erythronium californicumFawn Lily, California fawnlily20
Erythronium citrinumPale Fawn Lily, Cream fawnlily, Roderick's fawnlily20
Erythronium dens-canisDog's-Tooth Violet30
Erythronium grandiflorumAvalanche Lily, Yellow avalanche-lily31
Erythronium helenaeMt. St. Helena Fawm Lily, Pacific fawnlily20
Erythronium hendersoniiHenderson's Fawn Lily20
Erythronium howelliiHowell's Fawn Lily20
Erythronium japonicumKatakuri40
Erythronium montanumAvelanche Lily, White avalanche-lily20
Erythronium multiscapideumAdderstongue20
Erythronium oregonumGiant White Fawnlily21
Erythronium purpurascensAvelanche Lily, Purple fawnlily20
Erythronium revolutumPink Fawn Lily, Mahogany fawnlily30
Erythronium tuolumnenseTuolumne Fawn Lily, Dog's Tooth Violet, Pagoda Lily20

 

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Author

Nutt.

Botanical References

43200

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