Eleusine indica - (L.)Gaertn.
Common Name Wire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose Grass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Roadsides and waste places[50, 74].
Range Tropics. Naturalized in S. Europe[50].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

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Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Spreading or horizontal.

Eleusine indica Wire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose Grass

Eleusine indica Wire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose Grass
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.


 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[55, 74, 106]. The seed is rather small[159], it is sometimes used as a famine food[177]. Used as a millet, it can be cooked whole or ground into a flour and used in making cakes, gruels etc[183]. Young seedlings - raw or cooked and used as a side dish with rice[46, 61, 105, 177, 183]. Root - raw[177].
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Laxative.

The whole plant, but especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative and sudorific[240, 283]. It is also used in the treatment of liver complaints[240, 283]. The plant is a component of the 'basic remedy' in Vietnamese traditional medicine, it is also used in the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and retention of urine[283]. The plant can be used fresh or dried[266].


Other Uses
Basketry;  Paper;  Weaving.

The stems are used to make mats, baskets etc[46, 61, 74]. The plant is suitable for paper manufacture[74].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. This species is the probable ancestor of E. coracana, a species that is cultivated for its seed. A polymorphic species. Special Features: Invasive, Naturalizing.
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts[162, 200]. The seed can also be sown in mid to late spring in situ[200], though if the summer is cool it might not ripen its seed[K].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Eleusine coracanaFinger Millet, African finger millet42
Eleusine tocussa 10


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Subject : Eleusine indica  

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