Dalbergia nigra - (Vell.) Allem?o ex Benth.
Common Name Brazilian Rosewood
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hygrophilous forest on rich soils[ 338 ]. Well-drained soils on hillsides, both in the interior of dense, primary forests and also in secondary growth areas of the Atlantic rainforest[ 419 ].
Range S. America - Brazil.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

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Other common names are Bahia Rosewood, Jacaranda da Bahia, Rio Rosewood, Piano wood, Cabiuna, and Obuina. Found in South America, Brazilian Rosewood or Dalbergia nigra is a popular timber species used in high grade furniture and musical instruments especially pianos. It can also be used as ornamental tree and as pioneer species in restoring agroforestry. It is highly resistant to insect attacks. The wood is rose-scented, very heavy, and highly durable. It is considered as vulnerable species on the international IUCN Red List.

Dalbergia nigra Brazilian Rosewood

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Dalbergia nigra Brazilian Rosewood
Physical Characteristics
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Dalbergia nigra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Amerimnon nigrum (Vell.) Kuntze Pterocarpus niger Vell.

Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Agroforestry Uses: Although fairly slow growing, the tree is suitable for use in reforestation programmes within its native range, and is especially suited for use where the soil is dry[ 419 ]. Other Uses: A very decorative and valuable wood that varies in colour from brown to chocolate brown or violet, streaked with black[ 46 ]. It is rose-scented; straight grained; medium texture; very heavy; of high natural durability and has excellent working qualities[ 46 ]. It is used for cabinet work, is particularly valued for pianos, luxury furniture, handles of fine tools, marquetry, billiard tables etc[ 46 , 419 ].
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position[ 419 ]. Succeeds in dry soils[ 419 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[ 419 ]. The plant has a moderate rate of growth[ 419 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 755 ].
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a semi-shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 80% can be expected, with the seeds sprouting within 10 - 20 days[ 419 ]. Seedlings develop slowly, but should be ready to plant out within 6 - 7 months[ 419 ]. Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].
Other Names
bahia rosewood, brazilian rosewood, cabiúna-rajada, caviúna, jacaranda, jacarandá-cabiúna, jacarandá-caviúna, jacarandá-da-bahia, jacarandá-preto, jacarandá-roxo, jacarandá-una, palisandre, palisandro del brazil, rio rosewood, rosewood (brazilian)
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Dalbergia baroniiPalissandre rouge des marais, hitsika, sovodrano00
Dalbergia cochinchinensisSiam Rosewood, Thailand Rosewood00
Dalbergia greveanaMadagascar Rosewood02
Dalbergia hupeana 11
Dalbergia latifoliaBlack Rosewood, East Indian Rosewood, Kala sheeshan, Satisal02
Dalbergia louveliiAndramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewood02
Dalbergia melanoxylonAfrican Blackwood, Grenadilla, Mpingo02
Dalbergia monticolaHazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana00
Dalbergia oliveriRedwood00
Dalbergia retusaCocobolo00
Dalbergia stevensoniiHonduras Rosewood00


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Expert comment
(Vell.) Allem?o ex Benth.
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
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Subject : Dalbergia nigra  

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