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Chaenomeles speciosa - (Sweet.)Nakai.

Common Name Japanese Quince, Flowering quince
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Long cultivated, its natural habitat is now obscure.
Range E. Asia - China. An occasional garden escape in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Chaenomeles speciosa Japanese Quince, Flowering quince


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Chaenomeles speciosa Japanese Quince, Flowering quince
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Summary

Flowering quince is a deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub with attractive flowers growing to 3 m (9ft). The fruit is cooked. It is very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked. Used for jams, jellies etc. and as a flavouring with cooked apples. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6.5cm long x 6.5cm wide. The fruit is improved by a cold spell becoming softer. Flowering quince juice contains 150 mg of vitamin C, more than lemons. Flowering quince has medicinal properties and can be grown as a hedge. Bloom Color: Pink, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Early winter, Late spring, Late winter, Mid spring, Mid winter. Form: Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Chaenomeles speciosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Feb to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

C. laganaria. Cydonia lagenaria. Cydonia speciosa. Pyrus japonica. non Thunb.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover; Hedge; South Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - cooked[3, 4, 177]. Very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked[1, 11]. Used for jams, jellies etc and as a flavouring with cooked apples[183, K]. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6.5cm long x 6.5cm wide[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Antiemetic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Digestive.

The fruit is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, astringent and digestive[147, 218, 238]. A decoction is used internally in the treatment of nausea, joint pains, cholera and associated cramps[147, 218, 238].

Other Uses

Hedge;  Hedge.

Plants can be grown as a medium sized hedge[11, 29, 200]. Some cultivars, such as 'Jet Trail' are suitable for ground cover[182].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Espalier, Hedge, Massing, Woodland garden . Easily cultivated in any reasonably good soil[1, 11]. Prefers a deep moist well-drained loam[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production[3, 11, 200]. Becomes chlorotic on very alkaline soils[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. This species is hardy to about -25°c[200]. Plants fruit freely in Britain, but the fruit does not always ripen. They do best when grown against a south-facing wall[11]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are many named varieties developed for their ornamental value[182, 183]. Closely allied to C. japonica[11]. A good bee plant, flowering early in the year and providing pollen and nectar[108]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[200]. Sow stored seed in February in a greenhouse[78]. Germination usually takes place within 6 weeks[78]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If well grown, these seedling can be large enough to plant out in the summer, but give them some protection in their first winter. Otherwise plant them out in late spring of the following year[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[11]. Easy[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November in a cold frame. Layering in late spring or in autumn. This is a sure and easy method, though it takes 12 months[78, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Zhoupi Mugua, Wrinkled-skinned quince, Japonica, Suomugua,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Australia, Britain, China*, Indochina, Japan, Myanmar, SE Asia, Tibet, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chaenomeles cathayensisChinese Quince42
Chaenomeles japonicaDwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering Quince30
Chaenomeles x superbaDwarf Quince, Flowering Quince30

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Sweet.)Nakai.

Botanical References

11

Links / References

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Readers comment

Theresa   Sun Aug 17 2008

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Subject : Chaenomeles speciosa  
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