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Celtis laevigata - Willd.

Common Name Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats In rich bottomlands along streams, in flood plains, and on rocky slopes, generally in clay soils, from sea level to 300 metres[229, 270].
Range South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Illinois and Missouri, south to Florida and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar  Hackberry


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar  Hackberry
Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln.

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Summary

Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Celtis laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

C. integrifolia. C. mississippiensis.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[61, 105, 257]. The flesh is thin, dry and sweetish, covering a single large seed[149, 183]. The fruit, which is orange to brown or red when fully ripe, is 5 - 8mm in diameter[235, 270].

Medicinal Uses



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Miscellany;  VD.

A decoction of the bark has been used in the treatment of sore throats[257]. It has also been used, mixed with powdered shells, as a treatment for VD[257].

Other Uses

Fuel;  Miscellany;  Wood.

Wood - soft, not strong, close grained. It weighs 49lb per cubic foot and is used for cheap furniture, fencing, fuel[61, 82, 227].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Pest tolerant, Aggressive surface roots possible, Street tree, Woodland garden. Succeeds in any reasonably good soil, preferring a good fertile well-drained loamy soil[1, 11, 200]. Succeeds on dry gravels and on sandy soils[200]. Plants are usually found on clay soils in the wild[229]. Established plants are very drought resistant[200]. Trees prefer hotter summers and more sunlight than are normally experienced in Britain, they often do not fully ripen their wood when growing in this country and they are then very subject to die-back in winter[1, 11, 200]. A very variable species, according to some botanists these merit varietal status whilst other botanists say that the differences are too slight[227]. Trees are moderate to fast-growing, probably living no more than 125 - 150 years[229]. They can be very long-lived according to another report, perhaps surviving for 1000 years[200]. Trees fruit heavily most years[229]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:North American native, Naturalizing, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Stored seed is best given 2 - 3 months cold stratification and then sown February/March in a greenhouse[78, 200]. Germination rates are usually good, though the stored seed might take 12 months or more to germinate. The seed can be stored for up to 5 years[113]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer[K]. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberry32
Celtis boninensis 20
Celtis bungeanaBunge's hackberry20
Celtis caucasicaCaucasian hackberry20
Celtis glycycarpa 20
Celtis jessoensis 20
Celtis koraiensis 20
Celtis laveillei 20
Celtis lindheimeriPalo Blanco, Lindheimer's hackberry20
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberry31
Celtis pallidaDesert Hackberry20
Celtis reticulataPaloblanco, Netleaf hackberry21
Celtis sinensisChinese hackberry21
Celtis tenuifoliaSmall Hackberry, Dwarf hackberry20
Celtis tetrandra 21
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberry20
Pteroceltis tatarinowii 00

 

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Author

Willd.

Botanical References

11200270

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Subject : Celtis laevigata  
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