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Calochortus macrocarpus - Douglas.

Common Name Sagebrush Mariposa Lily, Nez Perce mariposa lily
Family Calochortaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry hills, usually in loose soil[60]. In sagebrush scrub and open coniferous forests to 2000 metres[90].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to Nevada.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Calochortus macrocarpus Sagebrush Mariposa Lily,  Nez Perce mariposa lily


http://flickr.com/photos/[email protected]
Calochortus macrocarpus Sagebrush Mariposa Lily,  Nez Perce mariposa lily
http://flickr.com/photos/[email protected]

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Calochortus macrocarpus is a BULB growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from Apr to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 East Wall. By. South Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - raw or cooked[105, 161, 177, 257]. The bulb can be harvested in early spring, peeled and eaten raw[257]. It can also be boiled or baked and used like potatoes[257]. Flower buds - raw[257]. A sweet flavour[257].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Skin.

A poultice of the mashed bulbs has been used to treat poison ivy rash[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a deep very well-drained fertile sandy soil in a sunny position and must be kept dry over winter[1, 200]. This is a rather difficult plant to cultivate in Britain, it is very cold hardy but is intolerant of wetness especially in the winter. It is easiest to grow in a bulb frame but is worth trying outdoors at the base of a south-facing wall, especially with shrubs that like these conditions[120]. Bulbs can be lifted as soon as the foliage dies down in the summer and stored overwinter in a cool dry place, replanting in spring[138]. Bulbs frequently divide after flowering, the bulblets taking 2 years to reach flowering size[200]. Hand pollination is necessary if seed is required[1].

Propagation

Seed - sow as soon as ripe or early spring in a cold frame in a very sharply draining medium. Stratification may be helpful. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 6 months at 15°c[138]. Leave the seedlings undisturbed for their first two years growth[138], but give them an occasional liquid feed to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. It is quite difficult to get the seedlings through their first period of dormancy since it is all too easy either to dry them out completely or keep them too moist when they will rot[214]. After their second year of growth, pot up the dormant bulbs in late summer and grow them on for at least another 2 years in the greenhouse before trying them outside. Seedlings take about 5 - 7 years to come into flower[214]. Division of the bulbs as soon as the foliage dies down. One report says that the bulbs must be planted into their permanent positions immediately[1], whilst another says that they can be stored overwinter and replanted in the spring[138]. Stem bulbils, harvested from the stems after flowering[200]. They can be stored cool and dry then planted in pots in the cold frame in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Calochortus aureusMariposa Lily, Golden mariposa lily20
Calochortus barbatus 10
Calochortus clavatusClubhair mariposa lily, Arroyo de la Cruz mariposa lily10
Calochortus elegansStar Tulip, Elegant mariposa lily10
Calochortus gunnisoniiMariposa Lily, Gunnison's mariposa lily21
Calochortus luteusYellow Mariposa, Yellow mariposa lily20
Calochortus nuttalliiSego Lily20
Calochortus pulchellusMount Diablo Globelily, Mt. diablo fairy-lantern20
Calochortus tolmieiTolmie Startulip20
Calochortus uniflorusLarge-Flowered Star Tulip, Monterey mariposa lily10
Calochortus venustusButterfly Mariposa Lily20

 

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Expert comment

Author

Douglas.

Botanical References

60200270

Links / References

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Subject : Calochortus macrocarpus  
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