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Calendula arvensis - L.

Common Name Field Marigold
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Fields, vineyards and waste ground[89].
Range Europe. A garden escape in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Calendula arvensis Field Marigold


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Calendula arvensis Field Marigold
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Alvesgaspar

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Calendula arvensis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to November, and the seeds ripen from Aug to November. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots and leaves - raw or cooked[105, 177, 183, 217]. The leaves are very rich in vitamins and minerals, they are similar to Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion) in nutritional value[179]. Flower heads - pickled[177, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiphlogistic;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Aperient;  Astringent;  Cholagogue;  Diaphoretic;  Emmenagogue;  
Homeopathy;  Skin;  Stimulant;  Vulnerary;  Warts.

The leaves are diaphoretic[61, 240]. The flowers are said to be antispasmodic, emmenagogue and stimulant[240]. The plant seems to have similar therapeutic properties to pot marigold, C. officinalis[254]. These properties are:- Pot marigold is one of the best known and versatile herbs in Western herbal medicine and is also a popular domestic remedy[4, 254]. It is, above all, a remedy for skin problems and is applied externally to bites and stings, sprains, wounds, sore eyes, varicose veins etc[4, 254]. It is also a cleansing and detoxifying herb and is taken internally in treating fevers and chronic infections[4, 254]. Only the common deep-orange flowered variety is considered to be of medicinal value[4]. The whole plant, but especially the flowers and the leaves, is antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperient, astringent, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, skin, stimulant and vulnerary[4, 7, 9, 21, 46, 165, 201]. The leaves can be used fresh or dried, they are best harvested in the morning of a fine sunny day just after the dew has dried from them[4]. The flowers are also used fresh or dried, for drying they are harvested when fully open and need to be dried quickly in the shade[4]. A tea of the petals tones up the circulation and, taken regularly, can ease varicose veins[201]. An application of the crushed stems to corns and warts will soon render them easily removable[7]. The leaves, blossoms and buds are used to make a homeopathic remedy[232]. It is used internally in order to speed the healing of wounds[232].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

An easily grown and very ornamental plant, it succeeds in any well-drained soil[200], though it prefers a good loam and does best in a sunny or at least partially sunny position[4, 15, 200]. The plant flowers best when it is grown in a poor soil. Plants usually self-sow quite freely in the garden.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ from spring to early summer and again in September. The seed germinates best in darkness and usually within 1 - 2 weeks at 21°c[138].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Calendula officinalisPot Marigold, Common Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Ruddles, Pot Marigold35

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Farooq Panj   Sun Dec 19 20:03:16 2004

Of course, detail information is given about calendula on this page but actually i want list of different varieties for different countries and sources from where it can be get. thanks .

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Subject : Calendula arvensis  
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