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Butia capitata - (C.Mart.)Becc.

Common Name Jelly Palm, South american jelly palm
Family Arecaceae or Palmae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Grassland plains near the coast[231].
Range Southern S. America - South Brazil and Uruguay.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Butia capitata Jelly Palm, South american jelly palm


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:William_Avery
Butia capitata Jelly Palm, South american jelly palm
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Butia capitata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Cocos capitata. C. coronata.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Oil;  Stem.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Fruit - raw[61, 105, 177]. Sweet and aromatic with the flavour of apricots[183, K]. They can also be made into jellies, jams, pies, cakes etc[183]. The fruit is very fibrous but is also very nice[K]. The fruit is about 34 x 25mm[200]. The seed contains up to 45% of an edible oil, it is used mainly for margarines[2, 46, 61, 74]. The pith of the stem can be made into a bread[2]. However, because the tree cannot make side branches this will effectively kill it[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Oil.

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most fertile moist but well-drained soils in a sheltered sunny position[188, 200, 231]. Tolerates light shade[188]. This plant is not very cold-hardy in Britain but it tolerates short-lived frosts down to about -2°c and can be pot-grown taking the pot outdoors in the summer and keeping it in a conservatory during the winter[200]. It might succeed outdoors in a selected site in the very mildest areas of the country[200]. There are several mature specimens in south-west Cornwall that were planted in the early 1900's[231]. Palms usually have deep penetrating root systems and generally establish best when planted out at a young stage. However, older plants are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants[231]. In areas at the limit of their cold tolerance, therefore, it is prudent to grow the plants in containers for some years, giving them winter protection, and only planting them into their permanent positions when sheer size dictates[231]. Palms can also be transplanted even when very large. Although the thick fleshy roots are easily damaged and/or desiccated, new roots are generally freely produced. It is important to stake the plant very firmly to prevent rock, and also to give it plenty of water until re-established - removing many of the leaves can also help[231]. A slow-growing plant[231], it is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit and seed[61].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a warm greenhouse at not less than 24°c[188]. Stored seed is very slow to germinate. Pre-soaking the seed for 24 hours in warm water prior to sowing may shorten the germination time. Plants form a long tap-root some time before forming a shoot. Germination of fresh seed usually takes place in 3 - 4 months at 25°c[138]. Plant out into individual pots either as soon as root growth is noticed or as soon as top growth appears. Grow on in a greenhouse for at least the first winter. See Cultivation notes above regarding planting them outdoors.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(C.Mart.)Becc.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Holy   Sun Nov 15 2009

ITs not hardy to zone 10, its hardy to zone 8.

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Subject : Butia capitata  
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