Brosimum guianense - (Aubl.) Huber
Common Name Bastard Breadnut
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests that are not subject to inundation at elevations from sea level to 1,000 metres[ 420 ]. It is most commonly found in secondary forests, and sometimes in very dry or very humid terrains[ 420 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, north through Central America to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Found in South America, Bastard breadnut or Brosimum guianense is a large, deciduous tree up to 40 m tall with trunk diameter of up to 70 cm. It has a straight, cylindrical bole and a dense, elongate crown. It is used medicinally as treatment for asthma and cold, as an analgesic (softened bark), and anthelmintic, bitter, and caustic (latex). The bark is a source of white latex that is thick and sticky. Bastard breadnut is widely exploited in the wild for its highly valued timber. The wood is extremely hard and heavy, strong, durable, and resistant to termites. The fruit pulp of this tree is consumed raw.

Brosimum guianense Bastard Breadnut
Brosimum guianense Bastard Breadnut
Flickr - Alex Popovkin
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Brosimum guianense is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Alicastrum guianense (Aubl.) Kuntze Brosimum aubletii Poepp. & Endl. Brosimum discolor Schott Brosim

Edible Uses
Edible portion: Fruit. The fruit pulp is eaten raw.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The macerated bark is warmed and used as an analgesic[ 348 ]. The latex is anthelmintic, bitter and caustic[ 348 ]. It is mixed with dairy milk and then drunk as a remedy for internal ulcers. It is drunk as a treatment for asthma and colds[ 348 ].


Other Uses
Other uses rating: Very High (5/5). Other Uses: A thick, sticky, white latex is obtained from the bark[ 378 ]. The tree is slow in forming heartwood, which is the only part used commercially. A tree of 35cm diameter may, on occasions, have only 2 - 10cm of heartwood, while a 50cm tree will ordinarily have not more than 18cm. The amount of heartwood is reported to vary according to location. Certain areas produce timber with considerable heartwood, while in other areas even large trees may not be worth felling[ 378 ] The heartwood is dark red to reddish brown or brown, with black markings that resemble letters or hieroglyphs - the distinctiveness of these markings is reduced as the colour of the backgrounds is darkened by exposure; it is not clearly demarcated from the light, yellow to nearly white sapwood[ 46 , 378 ]. The texture is medium; the grain straight; lustre medium; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is extremely hard, extremely heavy, strong, very durable, resistant to dry wood termites[ 378 ]. Because of its hardness, the wood is worked with considerable difficulty, being difficult to cut and taking nails poorly, however it finishes smoothly and takes a beautiful polish[ 46 , 378 , 420 ]. Because of the limited supply, small size, and high cost, the wood is best suited for specialty items that capitalize on its unusual beauty, hardness, and density. It is therefore mainly used for purposes such as inlay work, furniture, drum sticks, umbrella handles, fishing rods, fancy articles, violin bows, cabinet work etc[ 46 , 378 , 420 ].
Cultivation details
A plant of the lowland tropics, where it is found in dry to very humid regions[ 420 ]. Succeeds in a sunny to semi-shaded position. Plants are at least somewhat drought resistant[ 420 ]. Young plants normally establish well and grow away quickly[ 420 ]. Plants flower and fruit throughout the year. A monoecious species, but male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed is required.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in individual pots or a nursery bed in a sunny position[ 420 ]. Germination rates are usually above 50%, with sprouting occurring in a few weeks[ 420 ]. Plants grow away quickly. Root cuttings[ 420 ].
Other Names
Bastard breadnut or Brosimum guianense
Found In
Found In: Amazon, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Central America, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, North America, Panama, Peru, South America, Suriname, Venezuela. Other Names: Breadnut, Bere, Azulillo, Mariabe, Granadillo.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants


Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
(Aubl.) Huber
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the website on their phone.
Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Brosimum guianense  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design

Twiter      Facebook


Content Help
Support Us
Old Database Search
About Us
Sign In

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.