Betula alnoides - Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don.
Common Name
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests, ravines and streamsides, Himachel Pradesh to S.W. China, 1500 - 2700 metres[51].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas to S.W. China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Betula alnoides
Betula alnoides[email protected]
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Betula alnoides is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

B. acuminata.

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Inner bark.
Edible Uses:

Inner bark - can be dried, then ground into a powder and added to flour for use in making bread, cakes etc[177]. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of starch are not available or are in short supply[K].
Medicinal Uses

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Antidote;  Antiseborrheic.

The plant has been used as an antidote in the treatment of snake bites[240, 243]. A decoction of the bark is used to treat dislocated bones[272].


Other Uses
Paper;  Wood.

The thin layer of outer bark is used as a paper[61]. The juice of the bark is used for decorating wood[272]. Wood - moderately hard, close grained, strong, durable[146, 158]. Used for minor construction[272].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in a well-drained loamy soil in a sheltered position[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes wet soils[200]. Shade tolerant[200]. This species is not very hardy and does not always succeed outdoors in Britain but some provenances should be hardy[11]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[50]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a light position in a cold frame[78, 80, 113, 134]. Only just cover the seed and place the pot in a sunny position[78, 80, 134]. Spring sown seed should be surface sown in a sunny position in a cold frame[113, 134]. If the germination is poor, raising the temperature by covering the seed with glass can help[134]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. If you have sufficient seed, it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed, either as soon as it is ripe or in the early spring - do not cover the spring sown seed. Grow the plants on in the seedbed for 2 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter[78, 80, 113, 134].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alnus cordataItalian Alder00
Alnus glutinosaAlder, European alder , Common Alder, Black Alder03
Alnus hirsuta 00
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White Alder00
Alnus japonicaJapanese Alder01
Alnus maritimaSeaside Alder, Beach Alder00
Alnus maximowiczii 00
Alnus nepalensisNepalese Alder01
Alnus nitida 01
Alnus rhombifoliaWhite Alder12
Alnus rubraRed Alder, Oregon Alder22
Alnus rugosaSpeckled Alder02
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alder02
Alnus sinuataSitka Alder11
Alnus tenuifoliaMountain Alder, Thinleaf alder12
Alnus viridis crispaAmerican Green Alder12
Betula alleghaniensisYellow Birch, Swamp Birch32
Betula ermaniiGold Birch01
Betula glandulosaScrub Birch21
Betula kenaicaKenai Birch31
Betula lentaCherry Birch, Sweet birch, Black Birch, Cherry Birch33
Betula nanaDwarf Birch22
Betula nigraRiver Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, River Birch32
Betula occidentalisWater Birch32
Betula papyriferaPaper Birch, Mountain paper birch, Kenai birch32
Betula pendulaSilver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch33
Betula platyphyllaWhite Birch, Asian white birch,22
Betula populifoliaGrey Birch21
Betula pubescensWhite Birch, Downy birch33


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Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don.
Botanical References
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Subject : Betula alnoides  

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