Astronium balansae - Engl.
Common Name Astronium
Family Anacardiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats In southern Brazil it is found growing in almost pure stands on level basaltic outcrops that are almost devoid of soil[ 625 ]. Wet forests in Argentina and Paraguay, favouring well-drained, sandy soils[ 341 ].
Range S. America - northern Argentina, Paraguay, southern Brazil.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Moist Soil Full sun

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Astronium balansae is a deciduous, flowering tree native to Argentina and Paraguay. It has a large, open crown and a crooked bole that often branches from low down. It grows 5-25 m tall with up to 120cm bole diameter. Tannins can be obtained from the tree's bark and wood. The wood is also a great fuel source. It is very heavy, hard, and resistant to insect attacks. It is also an ornamental tree.

Astronium balansae Astronium

Jorge Vallmitjana
Astronium balansae Astronium
Jose Antonio Radins
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Astronium balansae is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Myracrodruon balansae (Engl.) Santin

Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Other uses rating: High (4/5). Other Uses The bark and wood are a source of tannins[ 341 , 625 ]. The wood contains up to 16% tannins[ 341 ]. The heartwood is pale to dark grey when fresh, turning to dark brown on exposure with dark stripes; it is distinctly demarcated from the narrow band of yellowish sapwood[ 341 ]. The texture is fine and even; grain is wavy, sometimes interlocked; lustre is low; taste and odour absent[ 341 ]. The wood is very heavy; extremely hard and difficult to cut; and exceptionally resistant to insect attacks even when exposed to the elements. Working properties are variable; it finishes well; is difficult to nail and pre-boring is necessary for good results. It can be used for various outdoor purposes including railway sleepers, posts, bridge beams and door and window frames[ 341 , 625 ]. The wood is a very good fuel and produces an excellent charcoal[ 341 ].
Cultivation details
Found mainly at lower elevations in the subtropical areas of northern Argentina, southern Brazil and Paraguay, though there is one report of it growing outside its native range in Lima, Peru, which is about 12' south, at an elevation of 240 metres[ K ]. Grows best in a sunny position[ 625 ]. Prefers a well-drained, sandy soil[ 341 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[ 625 ].
Seed - it needs to be sown in a nursery seedbed as soon as it is ripe. Germination takes 6 - 32 days and the young plants will be ready for planting out 9 - 10 months later[ 625 ].
Other Names
Astronium or Astronium balansae
Found In
Coming Soon
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants


Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the website on their phone.
Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Astronium balansae  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design

Twiter      Facebook


Content Help
Support Us
Old Database Search
About Us
Sign In

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.