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Artemisia frigida - Willd.

Common Name Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, skin contact with some members of this genus can cause dermatitis or other allergic reactions in some people[222].
Habitats Dry prairies, plains and rocks to 3300 metres in N. America[43, 164].
Range N. America - Minnesota to Saskatchewan, Yukon, Texas and Arizona. N. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Artemisia frigida Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort


Al Schneider @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Artemisia frigida Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 525.

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Summary

Common names include: Fringed Wormwood, Prairie sagewort, fringed sagewort, fringed sagebrush, arctic sage and pasture sage.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Artemisia frigida is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The leaves are used by the Hopi Indians as a flavouring for sweet corn[61, 172, 177, 183, 257].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Deodorant;  Disinfectant;  Poultice;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  Vermifuge;  Women's complaints.


The leaves are stomachic, vermifuge and used in the treatment of women's complaints[172]. The plant contains camphor, which is stimulant and antispasmodic[213]. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of biliousness, indigestion, coughs and colds whilst the leaves are chewed and the juice swallowed to treat heartburn[257]. A poultice of the chewed leaves is used as a poultice to reduce swellings and the leaves are also placed in the nose to stop nosebleeds[257]. A hot poultice of the leaves has been used to treat toothache[257]. The leaves can be used as a sanitary towel to help reduce skin irritation[257]. They are also drunk as a tea when the woman is menstruating or to treat irregular menstruation[257]. The dried leaves are burnt in a room as a disinfectant[257]. A decoction of the root is used as a stimulant and tonic[257].

Other Uses

Deodorant;  Disinfectant;  Dye;  Essential;  Repellent.

Both the growing and the dried plant can be used as an insect repellent[172]. The leaves can be placed on a camp fire to repel mosquitoes[257]. The aromatic leaves have been used in pillows etc as a deodorant[257]. Bunches of the soft leaves have been used as towels, toilet paper etc[257]. A green dye is obtained from the leaves[257]. Cultivated for its foliage effects, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Used in landscaping and for erosion control and revegetation of rangeland. It is drought-resistant.

Cultivation details

Requires a sunny position and a well-drained soil that is not too rich[1, 200]. Requires a lime-free soil. Established plants are very drought tolerant[200]. Plants are longer lived, more hardy and more aromatic when they are grown in a poor dry soil[245]. A very ornamental plant[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse in a very free-draining soil, but make sure that the compost does not dry out. The seed usually germinates within 1 - 2 weeks in a warm greenhouse. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Division in spring or autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. Reported weedy in Nebraska and Wyoming, USA.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia abrotanumSouthernwood13
Artemisia absinthiumWormwood, Absinthium.13
Artemisia annuaQing Hao, Sweet sagewort14
Artemisia anomala 02
Artemisia argyi 02
Artemisia biennisBiennial Wormwood11
Artemisia campestrisField Southernwood02
Artemisia campestris glutinosa 00
Artemisia capillarisYin Chen Hao13
Artemisia caruifolia 13
Artemisia cinaCina, Santonica03
Artemisia dracunculoidesRussian Tarragon, Tarragon, French Tarragon21
Artemisia dracunculusTarragon, French Tarragon42
Artemisia filifoliaSand Sage, Sand sagebrush02
Artemisia glacialisGlacier Wormwood12
Artemisia gmeliniiRussian Wormwood, Gmelin's wormwood11
Artemisia indica 13
Artemisia japonica 12
Artemisia keiskeana 21
Artemisia laciniataSiberian wormwood10
Artemisia lactifloraWhite Mugwort02
Artemisia lancea 11
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western Mugwort22
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite Sage02
Artemisia maritimaSea Wormwood12
Artemisia mexicanaMexican White Sagebrush01
Artemisia michauxianaMountain Sagewort, Michaux's wormwood11
Artemisia monophylla 10
Artemisia montana 10
12

 

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Willd.

Botanical References

50200

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