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Arctostaphylos columbiana - Piper.

Common Name Hairy Manzanita
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Near the coast[60].
Range Western N. America
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Arctostaphylos columbiana Hairy Manzanita


Arctostaphylos columbiana Hairy Manzanita
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Arctostaphylos columbiana is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. tomentosa. non Pursh.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 177]. The fruit is best harvested when slightly under-ripe since the fully mature pulp is mealy[183]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent.

A decoction of the bark is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[257].

Other Uses

Dye;  Fuel;  Wood.

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[168]. The wood burns with a bright light and so was used at dances and ceremonials by the native North American Indians[257]. The wood is hard and is used for making tools and awl handles[257].

Cultivation details

Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade[11, 134, 200] but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[200]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[134]. This species is very closely related to A. tomentosa, but with a more northerly range[11].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[11, 200]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first winter, Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. Takes one year[1, 78]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring[200]. Layering in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arctostaphylos alpinaAlpine Bearberry21
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry Manzanita22
Arctostaphylos manzanitaManzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof's manzanita, Wieslan31
Arctostaphylos nevadensisPine-Mat Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos parryanaParry Manzanita10
Arctostaphylos patulaGreenleaf Manzanita31
Arctostaphylos pungensPointleaf Manzanita11
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanita30
Arctostaphylos tomentosaDowny Manzanita, Woollyleaf manzanita, Brittleleaf manzanita, Dacite manzanita, Rosy manzanita, San33
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberry34
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30

 

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Author

Piper.

Botanical References

1160200

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Subject : Arctostaphylos columbiana  
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