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Arbutus texana - Buckley.

Common Name Texas Madrone
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry limestone hills[82]. Chaparral and somewhat humid oak forests[181].
Range South-western N. America - Texas to New Mexico and south to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Arbutus texana Texas Madrone


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Arbutus texana Texas Madrone

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Arbutus texana is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m (26ft 3in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in March, and the seeds ripen in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

A. xalapensis. non H.B.K..

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. A sweetish taste[149], the fruit has a dry mealy flesh[181]. It has narcotic properties[181]. The fruit is up to 1cm in diameter[229].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent.

The bitter principles in the bark and leaves can be used as an astringent[229].

Other Uses

Charcoal;  Fuel;  Wood.

Wood - heavy, hard, close grained. Used for small tools, mathematical instruments, rollers etc[82, 149]. It is a good fuel and also produces a fine grade of charcoal[149, 229].

Cultivation details

Requires a lime-free nutrient-rich well-drained moisture-retentive soil in sun or semi-shade and shelter from cold drying winds, especially when young[200]. Succeeds on dry soils[82]. This species is unlikely to be hardy in the colder areas of the country, it probably tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. There is some confusion over the name of this plant, some books suggest that A texana is a synonym of A xalapensis. HBK. whilst others say that A texana exists in its own right and has a synonym of A. xalapensis. non HBK[11, 149, 200]. A. texana is very closely related to A. xalapense and is considered by many botanists to be indistinguishable from that species[274].

Propagation

Seed - best surface sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position in a greenhouse[78]. Do not allow the compost to become dry. 6 weeks cold stratification helps[134]. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c[134]. Seedlings are prone to damp off[184], they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated. Grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts[K]. Basal cuttings in late winter[200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November/December in a frame. Poor percentage[78]. Layering of young wood - can take 2 years[1, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arbutus andrachneGrecian StrawberryTree30
Arbutus arizonicaArizona Maderone21
Arbutus canariensisCanary Madrona20
Arbutus menziesiiMadrona, Pacific madrone, Pacific Madrone32
Arbutus unedoStrawberry Tree42
Arbutus x andrachnoides 40
Arbutus xalapensisMadrono, Texas madrone20
Epigaea repensMayflower, Trailing arbutus, Ground Laurel22

 

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Author

Buckley.

Botanical References

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Subject : Arbutus texana  
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