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Aralia elata - (Miq.)Seem.

Common Name Japanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree
Family Araliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thin woodland and thickets on rich well moistened slopes[74, 109], 900 - 2000 metres in N. Hupeh[109].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aralia elata Japanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Aralia elata Japanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Doronenko

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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Aralia elata is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Aug to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Dimorphanthus elatus.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[177, 200]. They can also be blanched and used in salads.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Cancer;  Carminative.

The roots and stems are anodyne and carminative[147]. All parts of the plant are used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthralgia, coughs, diabetes, jaundice, stomach ulcers and stomach cancers[147, 218].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen. Prefers a good deep loam and a position in semi-shade but it also succeeds in a sunny position[11, 200]. Requires a sheltered position. Plants are hardier when grown on poorer soils[11, 200]. Prefers an acid soil[184]. Dormant plants are hardy to at least -15°c[184, 200]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. A very ornamental species, there are a number of named varieties. It is usually a single stemmed shrub, spreading by means of suckers[182]. This species is closely allied to A. chinensis. Special Features: Not North American native, Blooms are very showy.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this. Root cuttings 8cm long, December in a cold frame[11, 78]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in March/April. High percentage[78]. Division of suckers in late winter[11]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe22
Aralia continentalisManchurian Spikenard20
Aralia cordataUdo42
Aralia hispidaBristly Sarsaparilla11
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica Tree22
Aralia nudicaulisWild Sarsaparilla43
Aralia racemosaAmerican Spikenard33
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin Spikenard20
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking Stick22
Eleutherococcus chiisanensis 20
Eleutherococcus divaricatus 20
Eleutherococcus gracylistylusWu Jia Pi13
Eleutherococcus innovansTaka-No-Tsume10
Eleutherococcus japonicus 10
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian Ginseng25
Eleutherococcus seoulensis 10
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus 23
Eleutherococcus sieboldianusUkogi, Five Leafed Aralia30
Eleutherococcus spinosus 22
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus 11
Hedera helixIvy, English ivy, Algerian ivy, Baltic Ivy, Common Ivy03
Hedera nepalensisNepal Ivy02
Kalopanax sciadophylloides 10
Kalopanax septemlobusTree Aralia, Castor aralia21
Kirkophytum lyallii 10
Oplopanax horridusDevil's Club22
Panax ginsengGinseng, Chinese ginseng25
Panax japonicusJapanese Ginseng11
Panax pseudoginsengGinseng, Japanese ginseng13
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Expert comment

Author

(Miq.)Seem.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Sat Jul 29 2006

This is an invasive exotic plant in the Northeastern US-- please don't plant it! Instead, you can find a local natural area where it is likely to be growing and remove as much as possible.

Zia Hrdy   Wed May 16 2007

the young shoots and leaves are often served as tempura in japan in spring time- but beware the little spines on the young leaves- they will get stuck in your throat!

   Sun May 25 2008

I started some from seed. They sucker like mad and I am always pulling them up. I can't reccomend them in Minnesota.

martin nicklin   Tue Sep 30 2008

Try the varieties 'Variegata', 'Albomarginata' or 'Aureovariegata' which are beautifully variegated varieties, have much less vigour and are much more worthy of a place in the garden. They are also much more expensive and, in the UK, quite a choice small tree.

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