Anacolosa frutescens - (Blume) Blume
Common Name Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Family Olacaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland and submontane forest, mixed Dipterocarp forest, by streams in kerangas forest, sometimes in peat swamp forest and secondary forest, occasionally on limestone, from sea-level to 700 metres, rarely to 1,400 metres[ 451 ].
Range Southeastern Asia - Myanmar, through Malaysia to Indonesia and the Philippines.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Anacolosa frutescens or commonly known as Galo is a tropical tree of up to 5 ? 25 m tall that is found in the Philippines and in other South East Asian countries. Its leaves are pointed at both ends and in an alternate arrangement. The small flowers, which are in small clusters, are yellow in color. The fruit is a drupe, fleshy with a stone inside, and is yellow to orange in color. Both seed and fruit are edible ? eaten raw or cooked. The nuts are thin-shelled and have good flavour and quality. Wood is hard and heavy but not durable and commonly used for house posts. The plant is grown from seed, air-layering, or cleft grafting. It has slow germination and early growth rate. It is also known as Galo nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.

Anacolosa frutescens Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Anacolosa frutescens Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Copyright © 2012 by P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Anacolosa frutescens is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Anacolosa arborea Koord. & Valeton Anacolosa celebica Valeton ex Koord. Anacolosa heptandra Maingay

Edible Uses
Edible portion: Nut, Fruit, Seeds. Seed - raw or cooked[ 301 ]. The thin-shelled nuts are of good flavour and quality, they are said to have the flavour of a mixture of sweet corn and chestnuts[ 301 , 324 ]. They contain 3.9 - 11.1% protein, 1.8 - 8% fat and 33.4 - 39'5% carbohydrate[ 301 ]. Fruit - raw or cooked[ 310 ]. Young fruits are delicious when boiled[ 301 ]. The pulp of mature fruits can be eaten cooked[ 301 ]. The yellow or orange fruit is a drupe, 15 - 25mm long, 12 - 20mm in diameter with a thin layer of pulp up to 6mm thick surrounding a single seed[ 324 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Other Uses: The pale, reddish-brown wood is hard and heavy, but not durable. It is used for house posts[ 324 , 451 ].
Cultivation details
A plant of the moist tropical lowlands, usually growing at elevations up to 700 metres, exceptionally to 1,400 metres. It prefers a climate without a pronounced dry season[ 310 ]. Prefers a position with some shade[ 310 ]. The trees appear to be highly variable, with some high-yielding forms having been noted[ 324 ]. Seedlings grow slowly, taking about a year to reach grafting size[ 310 ]. Germination and early growth is slow. A mature fruit weighs 8-16 g. A kernel weighs 0.8-2.8 g.
Seed - germination takes more than 100 days[ 324 ]. Cleft-grafting onto seedlings 1 year old or more is highly successful[ 324 ]. Air layering. Takes about 4 months[ 310 ].
Other Names
Galo Nut, Kopi gunung, Tangki leuweung, Belian landak.
Found In
Found In: Andamans, Asia, Burma, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia, Thailand .
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants


Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
(Blume) Blume
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the website on their phone.
Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Anacolosa frutescens  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design

Twiter      Facebook


Content Help
Support Us
Old Database Search
About Us
Sign In

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.