Amorphophallus konjac - K.Koch
Common Name Devil's Tongue, Devil's Tongue, Snake Plant, Konjac, Konnyaku Potato, Voodoo Lily
Family Araceae
USDA hardiness 6-11
Known Hazards We have one report that this plant is very toxic raw, though no more details are given[ 178 ]. It belongs to a family where most of the members contain calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[ 238 ]. (Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested)
Habitats Loose leafy detritus in moist shady habitats[ 200 ]. Forest margins and thickets at elevations of 830 - 1,200 metres in western Yunnan[ 266 ].
Range E. Asia - southwest China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

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Devil's Tongue. Amorphophallus konjac. Other common names are as follows: Snake Plant, Konjac, Konnyaku Potato, Sanke Palm, and Voodoo Lily. Devil's tongue or Amorphophallus konjac is a perennial plant with a bipinnate single leaf growing from a corm. The leaf grows up to 100 cm long while the corm grows up to 30 cm in diameter. The plant is widely cultivated in Japan and China as food source. The corm is edible but contains calcium oxalate that makes it toxic if consumed raw, so it must be cooked thoroughly or fully dried. In Japan, the corm is known as a great source of Konnyaku, a type of flour used in many dietary products, and jelly. Flowers are used as treatment for fever. The root is used in facilitating childbirth, as a sialogogue (increases the saliva flow rate), and as treatment for cancer. The corm contains glucomannan which helps in weight loss, relieving constipation and irritable bowel syndrome, and reducing serum cholesterol levels. The plant also has insecticidal properties.

Amorphophallus konjac Devil
Amorphophallus konjac Devil
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Amorphophallus konjac is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1.3 m (4ft 3in) by 1.3 m (4ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. and are pollinated by Flies.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Amorphophallus mairei H.L?v. Amorphophallus nanus H.Li & C.L.Long Amorphophallus palmiformis Durieu

Edible Uses
Corm - cooked[ 200 ]. The root must be thoroughly boiled or baked, it is acrid when raw (see notes above on 'Known Hazards'[ K ])[ 200 ]. Very large, it can be up to 30cm in diameter[ 266 ]. In Japan the large brown tubers are peeled, cooked and pounded to extract their starch, which is solidified with dissolved limestone into an edible gel called 'Konnyaku'[ 183 ]. Konnyaku is a type of flour valued for its use in many dietary products[ 266 ]. The flour is valued for its ability to clean the digestive tract without being a laxative[ 183 ]. A nutritional analysis is available[ 218 ]. This root is very high in water and low in calories, so it is being promoted as a diet food in N. America[ 218 ]. Especially just before the foliage declines prior to dormancy, the tubers are a rich source of mannan, a polysaccharide of mannose and glucose[ 472 ]. The mannose is extracted and widely used in foods for diabetics[ 472 ]. Glucomannan, a soluble fibre formed from mannan and glucose, cannot be metabolized by the human body, but is metabolized by intestinal bacteria. Inside the digestive system, glucomannan absorbs up to 200 times its weight in water without any negative action upon the digestive system. It therefore can give a feeling of fullness and be of use to aid in weight loss, it also relieves constipation and irritable bowel syndrome, as well as reducing serum cholesterol levels[ 472 ]. Glucomannan is widely used as an emulsifier and stabilizer in foods and drinks[ 472 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The root is oxytocic and sialagogue[ 178 ]. It is used in the treatment of cancer[ 218 ]. Glucomannan, a soluble fibre obtained from the tuber, cannot be metabolized by the human body, but is metabolized by intestinal bacteria. Inside the digestive system, glucomannan absorbs up to 200 times its weight in water without any negative action upon the digestive system. It therefore can give a feeling of fullness and be of use to aid in weight loss, it also relieves constipation and irritable bowel syndrome, as well as reducing serum cholesterol levels[ 472 ]. The flowers are febrifuge[ 218 ].


Other Uses
Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Agroforestry Uses: A system of cultivation, known as jinjenjo, is often practised in Japan. In this, the plants are grown in a natural plant community and heavily mulching the plants with grain straw or wild herbs. The plants thus grown are remarkably free from pests and diseases. The largest tubers are harvested at the end of the year, leaving the rest in the ground to grow on for harvest in later years[ 472 ]. Other Uses The plant has insecticidal properties[ 218 ]. Glucomannan, obtained from the tuber, has a wide range of used in various industries. It has gelling and film-forming properties and is widely used as an emulsifier and stabilizer in foods, drinks, cosmetics and the pharmaceutical industry. It is also used as a non-clay drilling fluid in the diamond and oil industries[ 472 ]. Ground cover.
Cultivation details
Plants can tolerate a minimum temperature of 15c during the growing season, though the optimum range is 20 - 25?c[ 472 ]. The best crops are produced on deep, fertile, alluvial soils that are slightly acid[ 300 ]. Dislikes heavy clay soils[ 300 ]. Plants require some shade, especially when young[ 300 ]. Members of this genus generally require a moist but well-drained, humus-rich, fertile soil and a position in dappled shade[ 472 ]. The plant produces one enormous leaf and one flowering stem annually. When ripe for pollination, the flowers have a foetid smell to attract carrion flies and midges. This smell disappears once the flower has been pollinated[ 245 ]. The tubers are planted 15cm deep[ 1 ]. Like many species in the family Araceae, this plant has the ability to heat the flowering spadix as the pollen becomes ready for fertilization. This heat greatly increases the strength of the aroma released by the plant, thus attracting more pollinating insects. It can also have the effect of making the insects more active, thus increasing the level of fertilization[ 472 ].
Seed - best sown in a pot in a warm greenhouse as soon as it is ripe and the pot sealed in a plastic bag to retain moisture. It usually germinates in 1 - 8 months at 24?c[ 133 ]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least a couple of years. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away strongly. Division of offsets[ 1 ]. These are rarely produced[ 1 ].
Other Names
Devil's Tongue, Devil's Tongue, Snake Plant, Konjac, Konnyaku Potato, Voodoo Lily
Found In
Found In: Australia, Brazil, Pohnpei, South America.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Amorphophallus paeoniifoliusElephant Yam, Whitespot giant arum22
Amorphophallus rivieriDevil's Tongue, Umbrella Arum, Leopard Palm, Snake Palm22


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