We need help! In recent months our income dropped considerably and we need more donations from our users to avoid getting into financial difficulty. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Amelanchier arborea - (F.Michx.)Fernald.

Common Name Downy Serviceberry, Alabama serviceberry, Juneberry, Common Serviceberry, Downy Serviceberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich woods, thickets and slopes[43].
Range Eastern N. America - New Brunswick to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry,  	Alabama serviceberry,  Juneberry, Common Serviceberry, Downy Serviceberry


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry,  	Alabama serviceberry,  Juneberry, Common Serviceberry, Downy Serviceberry
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Upright or erect, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Amelanchier arborea is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. canadensis. Wieg. non (L.)Med. Mespilus arborea

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Edible fruit - raw or cooked[101, 227]. The fruit has a few small seeds at the centre, some forms are dry and tasteless[11, 177, 227] whilst others are sweet and juicy[183, 227]. The fruit ripens unevenly over a period of 2 - 3 weeks and is very attractive to birds, this makes harvesting them in quantity rather difficult[229]. The fruit is borne in small clusters and is up to 10mm in diameter[200]. It is rich in iron and copper[226].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Astringent;  Tonic;  VD.

A compound infusion of the plant has been used as an anthelmintic, in the treatment of diarrhoea and as a spring tonic[257]. An infusion of the bark has been used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[257].

Other Uses

Soil stabilization.

The trees have an extensive root system and can be planted on banks etc for erosion control[200]. Wood - close-grained, hard, strong, tough and elastic. It is one of the heaviest woods in N. America, weighing 49lb per cubic foot[227, 274]. Too small for commercial interest, it is sometimes used for making handles[227, 229].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses: Specimen, Street tree, Woodland garden. Prefers a rich loamy soil in a sunny position or semi-shade[1, 200] but thrives in any soil that is not too dry or water-logged[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. All members of this genus have edible fruits and, whilst this is dry and uninteresting in some species, in many others it is sweet and juicy. Many of the species have potential for use in the garden as edible ornamentals. The main draw-back to this genus is that birds adore the fruit and will often completely strip a tree before it is fully ripe[K]. The plant becomes dwarfed when growing in sterile (poor and acid) ground[227]. Hybridises with A. bartramiana, A. canadensis, A. humilis and A. laevis. Grafting onto seedlings of A. lamarckii or Sorbus aucuparia is sometimes practised in order to avoid the potential problem of hybridizing[1]. Special Features:Attracts birds, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Blooms are very showy.

Propagation

Seed - it is best harvested 'green', when the seed is fully formed but before the seed coat has hardened, and then sown immediately in pots outdoors or in a cold frame. If stored seed is obtained early enough in the autumn, it can be given 4 weeks warm stratification before being left out in the winter and it should then germinate in the spring. Otherwise seed can be very slow to germinate, perhaps taking 18 months or more. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a sheltered outdoor position, planting them out once they are 20cm or more tall. If there is sufficient seed it is best to sow it thinly in an outdoor seedbed[78, 80]. Grow the seedlings on for two years in the seedbed before planting them out into their permanent positions during the winter. Layering in spring - takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers need to have been growing for 2 years before you dig them up, otherwise they will not have formed roots. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Amelanchier alnifoliaSaskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, Serviceberry52
Amelanchier alnifolia cusickiiCusick's Serviceberry41
Amelanchier alnifolia semiintegrifoliaPacific Serviceberry51
Amelanchier asiaticaKorean Juneberry30
Amelanchier bartramianaOblongfruit serviceberry30
Amelanchier basalticolaDwarf Service-berry40
Amelanchier canadensisJuneberry, Canadian serviceberry, Serviceberry Downy, Shadblow, Shadbush, Serviceberry41
Amelanchier confusa 50
Amelanchier humilisLow serviceberry30
Amelanchier huroensis 30
Amelanchier interiorPacific serviceberry30
Amelanchier intermediaJune berry,30
Amelanchier laevisAllegheny Shadberry, Allegheny serviceberry, Smooth Serviceberry51
Amelanchier lamarckiiApple Serviceberry50
Amelanchier obovalisSouthern Juneberry, Coastal serviceberry30
Amelanchier ovalisSnowy Mespilus, Dwarf Garden Serviceberry20
Amelanchier ovalis integrifolia 20
Amelanchier pallidaPale Serviceberry31
Amelanchier parviflora 20
Amelanchier sanguineaRoundleaf Serviceberry, Gaspé serviceberry30
Amelanchier spicata 30
Amelanchier stoloniferaQuebec Berry, Running serviceberry51
Amelanchier utahensisUtah Serviceberry, Coville's serviceberry31
Amelanchier weigandii 30
Amelanchier x grandifloraApple Serviceberry50

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(F.Michx.)Fernald.

Botanical References

1143200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Jan 30 2012 12:00AM

Amelanchier arborea is native to North West Illinois (zone 5a) in the United States and is planted by the local cities as a landscaping plant. They are not selected for fruit quality. I find that they have excellent fruit. I planted Amelanchier Alnifolia plants Honeywood and Northline around my property and while the fruit is nice the plants all suffer from rust and look like they are suffering in the summer heat. We get plenty of rain but I think that the Alnifolia plants are more acclimated to a cooler climate. The unselected arborea that is planted do not have diseases and look totally healthy and although the fruit is slightly smaller it is just as tasty. Amelanchier Alnifolia is the only Amelanchier that has been extensively selected and bred for fruit production, mainly in Canada. I think that arborea needs the same attention to selecting and breeding as it is native and is more acclimated to my environment. Chris Rice zone 5a Illinois, USA

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Amelanchier arborea  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.