Help! Our income has dropped considerably for several months and unless it improves soon we will be in financial difficulty. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Alnus maritima - (Marsh.)Muhlenb.

Common Name Seaside Alder, Beach Alder
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along edges of ponds and small streams, often in standing water; from sea level to 100 metres[82, 270].
Range Eastern and Central N. America - Delaware, Maryland and Oklahoma.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Alnus maritima Seaside Alder,  Beach Alder


Alnus maritima Seaside Alder,  Beach Alder
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Alnus_maritima_drawing_1.png

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Bloom Color: Purple, Red. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Late fall, Mid fall. Form: Pyramidal, Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Alnus maritima is a deciduous Tree growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from Sep to October, and the seeds ripen in May. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Biomass;  Wood.

This species has the potential to be used as a biomass crop[269]. Wood - light, soft, close-grained. Light brown in colour with thick, hardly distinguishable heartwood[82].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Massing. Prefers a heavy soil and a damp situation, but it succeeds in ordinary garden soil[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils[11]. Tolerates very infertile sites[200]. Trees are tolerant of frost, poor soil, and some salinity and water-logging[269]. Seaside alder is reported to tolerate an annual precipitation in the range of 95 to 400cm, an average annual temperature of 13. 5 to 18°C, and a pH in the range of 6. 1 to 8. 1[269]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Special Features: North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed -

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alnus cordataItalian Alder00
Alnus glutinosaAlder, European alder , Common Alder, Black Alder03
Alnus hirsuta 00
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White Alder00
Alnus japonicaJapanese Alder01
Alnus maximowiczii 00
Alnus nepalensisNepalese Alder01
Alnus nitida 01
Alnus rhombifoliaWhite Alder12
Alnus rubraRed Alder, Oregon Alder22
Alnus rugosaSpeckled Alder02
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alder02
Alnus sinuataSitka Alder11
Alnus tenuifoliaMountain Alder, Thinleaf alder12
Alnus viridis crispaAmerican Green Alder12

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(Marsh.)Muhlenb.

Botanical References

82200270

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

James Schrader   Thu Mar 20 2008

Alnus maritima is now known to be cold hardy to UDSA zone 4. (See Schrader and Graves 2003) Schrader, J.A. and W.R. Graves. 2003. Phenology and depth of cold acclimation in the three subspecies of Alnus maritima. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128: 330-336.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Alnus maritima  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.