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Aconitum lycoctonum vulparia - (Rchb.)Nyman.

Common Name Wolfbane
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The whole plant is highly toxic - simple skin contact has caused numbness in some people[1, 13, 65].
Habitats Woods and bushy places in damp shady places.
Range Europe to Asia
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aconitum lycoctonum vulparia Wolfbane


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jeffdelonge
Aconitum lycoctonum vulparia Wolfbane
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utente:Enrico_Blasutto

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Aconitum lycoctonum vulparia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

A. vulparia. Reichenb.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Some reports suggest the root is edible if cooked[2, 105], but these should be treated with extreme caution due to the highly toxic nature of the plant[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Anodyne;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Irritant;  Sedative.

The root is analgesic, anodyne, diaphoretic, diuretic, irritant, sedative[4, 7, 9, 165]. This is a very poisonous plant and should only be used with extreme caution and under the supervision of a qualified practitioner.

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Thrives in most soils and in the light shade of trees[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a moist soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Prefers a calcareous soil. Grows well in open woodlands[1, 4]. Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits and deer[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby species, especially legumes[54]. An aggregate species which is divided by some botanists into many species.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[111]. The seed can be stratified and sown in spring but will then be slow to germinate[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. Division - best done in spring but it can also be done in autumn[1, 111]. Another report says that division is best carried out in the autumn or late winter because the plants come into growth very early in the year[233].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aconitum balfourii 01
Aconitum carmichaeliiJapanese Aconite, Carmichael's monkshood02
Aconitum chasmanthum 01
Aconitum chinense 01
Aconitum columbianumColumbian monkshood01
Aconitum delphinifolium 01
Aconitum dienorrhizum 01
Aconitum feroxIndian aconite01
Aconitum fischeriFischer monkshood01
Aconitum gammiei 01
Aconitum hemsleyanum 01
Aconitum heterophyllum 12
Aconitum japonicum 02
Aconitum koreanumKorean Monk's Hood10
Aconitum kusnezoffiiBei Wu Tou01
Aconitum lycoctonumWolfsbane11
Aconitum maximumKamchatka aconite00
Aconitum mokchangense 10
Aconitum multifidum 10
Aconitum napellusAconite, Venus' chariot, Wolfsbane Garden, Monk's Hood Garden12
Aconitum orientale 01
Aconitum palmatum 01
Aconitum rotundifolium 10
Aconitum septentrionale 10
Aconitum uncinatumWild Monkshood, Southern blue monkshood01
Aconitum violaceum 11
Aconitum volubile 11

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Rchb.)Nyman.

Botanical References

45200

Links / References

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Subject : Aconitum lycoctonum vulparia  
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