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Acer spicatum - Lam.

Common Name Mountain Maple
Family Aceraceae
USDA hardiness 3-6
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Deep rich moist soils in cool habitats such as the edges of mountain streams, ravines or woodlands[229].
Range North-eastern N. America - Saskatchewan to Labrador, south to Wisconsin and Georgia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Acer spicatum Mountain Maple


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Acer spicatum Mountain Maple

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Summary

Bloom Color: White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Acer spicatum is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Sap.
Edible Uses: Sweetener.

A sugar is obtained from the sap. The sap can be used as a drink or boiled down to make maple syrup[183]. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many foods. The sap can be harvested in late winter, the flow is best on a warm sunny day after a frost. Trees on southern slopes in sandy soils give the best yields. The best sap production comes from cold-winter areas with continental climates.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Ophthalmic;  Poultice.

The North American Indians made an infusion of the pith of young twigs and used this as eye drops to soothe irritation caused by campfire smoke[226, 257]. The pith itself was used to remove foreign matter from the eyes[257]. An infusion or poultice made from the outer bark has been used to treat sore eyes[257]. A poultice made from boiled root chips has been applied externally to wounds and abscesses[257]. A compound infusion of the roots and bark is used to treat internal haemorrhage[257].

Other Uses

Preservative;  Soil stabilization;  Tannin.

The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. The bark contains tannins, but the report does not say in what quantity[223]. The trees have an extensive root system that can be used to bind the soil. They are often grown on banks in order to prevent soil erosion[226]. The wood is close-grained, soft and light, weighing 33lb per cubic foot[82, 235].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen, Woodland garden. Of easy cultivation, it prefers a sunny position and a good moist well-drained soil but succeeds on most soils, especially those on the acid side, and dislikes alkaline soils[182]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are hardy to about -35°c when fully dormant. The lower branches of trees often self-layer, the trees then forming an impenetrable thicket[226]. Most maples are bad companion plants, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants[18, 20]. Special Features:North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it usually germinates in the following spring. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and then stratify for 2 - 4 months at 1 - 8°c. It can be slow to germinate. The seed can be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has dried and produced any germination inhibitors) and sown immediately. It should germinate in late winter. If the seed is harvested too soon it will produce very weak plants or no plants at all[80, 113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until they are 20cm or more tall before planting them out in their permanent positions. Layering, which takes about 12 months, is successful with most species in this genus. Plants often self-layer in the wild[226]. Cuttings of young shoots in June or July. The cuttings should have 2 - 3 pairs of leaves, plus one pair of buds at the base. Remove a very thin slice of bark at the base of the cutting, rooting is improved if a rooting hormone is used. The rooted cuttings must show new growth during the summer before being potted up otherwise they are unlikely to survive the winter. Strong plants are usually produced by this method.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acer acuminatum 10
Acer argutum 20
Acer caesium 01
Acer campestreField Maple, Hedge maple21
Acer carpinifoliumHornbeam Maple20
Acer circinatumVine Maple21
Acer crataegifoliumHawthorn-Leaved Maple00
Acer distylum 20
Acer ginnalaAmur Maple10
Acer glabrumRock Maple, Rocky Mountain maple, Douglas maple, Greene's maple, New Mexico maple, Torrey maple21
Acer interiusBox Elder20
Acer macrophyllumOregon Maple, Bigleaf maple, Oregon Maple31
Acer monoMaple21
Acer negundoBox Elder31
Acer oblongum 00
Acer palmatumJapanese Maple20
Acer pectinatumMaple00
Acer pensylvanicumMoosewood, Striped maple, Moosewood, Pennsylvania Maple01
Acer platanoidesNorway Maple, Harlequin Maple20
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore, Great Maple, Scottish Maple, Planetree Maple21
Acer rubrumRed Maple, Drummond's maple, Swamp Maple31
Acer saccharinumSilver Maple, River Maple, Soft Maple31
Acer saccharumSugar Maple, Florida Maple, Hard Maple, Rock Maple42
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar Maple40
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack Maple41
Acer sterculiaceum 00
Acer tataricumTatarian Maple20
Acer truncatumShantung Maple, Purpleblow Maple10
Acer ukurunduense caudatum 10
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Botanical References

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