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Acacia sophorae - (Labill.)R.Br.

Common Name Coastal Wattle, Acacia
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Coastal dunes[193].
Range Australia - New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Acacia sophorae Coastal Wattle, Acacia


Acacia sophorae Coastal Wattle, Acacia

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Acacia sophorae is an evergreen Shrub. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Feb to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs)It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked. The taste is rather like green peas[193]. Used when green and roasted in the pods, though the pods should not be eaten as these are irritating[193]. Acacia seeds are highly nutritious and contain approx 26% protein, 26% available carbohydrate, 32% fibre and 9% fat[278]. The fat content is higher than most legumes with the aril providing the bulk of fatty acids present[278]. These fatty acids are largely unsaturated which is a distinct health advantage although it presents storage problems as such fats readily oxidise[278]. The mean total carbohydrate content of 55.8 + 13.7% is lower than that of lentils, but higher than that of soybeans while the mean fibre content of 32.3 + 14.3% is higher than that of other legumes such as lentils with a level of 11.7%[278]. The energy content is high in all species tested, averaging 1480+270 kJ per 100g[278]. Wattle seeds are low glycaemic index foods. The starch is digested and absorbed very slowly, producing a small, but sustained rise in blood glucose and so delaying the onset of exhaustion in prolonged exercise[278]. Flowers - cooked[144]. Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Dye;  Soil stabilization.

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[168]. A green dye is obtained from the seed pods[168]. The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion[200].

Cultivation details

Prefers a sandy loam and a very sunny position[1]. Succeeds in dry soils. Succeeds in any good garden soil that is not excessively limey[11]. Most members of this genus become chlorotic on limey soils[200]. Judging by the plants native habitat, it should tolerate maritime exposure[K]. Trees are not very hardy outdoors in Britain, even in the mildest areas of the country they are likely to be killed in excessively harsh winters[11]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse[1]. Stored seed should be scarified, pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in a warm greenhouse in March. The seed germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 25°c[133]. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in individual pots in a frame[78]. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Fair percentage[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acacia aneuraMulga Acacia30
Acacia auriculiformisEar-Pod Wattle, Black Acacia, Earleaf, Black wattle10
Acacia concinnaShikakai, Soap-Pod21
Acacia coriaceaWiry Wattle, Acacia, Leather Leaf30
Acacia cultriformisKnife-Leaf Wattle, Knife acacia20
Acacia dealbataMimosa, Silver wattle20
Acacia decurrensGreen Wattle21
Acacia farnesianaSweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Huisache22
Acacia holosericeaStrap wattle, Candelabra wattle12
Acacia koaKoa Acacia00
Acacia leucophloeaKuteera-Gum, White-barked acacia.21
Acacia longifoliaSydney Golden Wattle, Acacia30
Acacia mearnsiiBlack Wattle, Late black wattle13
Acacia melanoxylonBlackwood, Australia Acacia, Black Acacia, Blackwood Acacia21
Acacia mucronataNarrow-Leaf Wattle20
Acacia paradoxaKangaroo Thorn, Paradox acacia10
Acacia podalyriifoliaQueensland Silver Wattle, Pearl wattle10
Acacia pycnanthaGolden Wattle20
Acacia retinodesSwamp Wattle, Water wattle20
Acacia salignaBlue-Leaved Wattle, Orange wattle10
Acacia verticillataPrickly Moses10
Acacia victoriaeBramble wattle. Gundabluey, Bardi bush30
Arracacia xanthorrhizaArracacha40
Robinia pseudoacaciaBlack Locust, Yellow Locust32

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Labill.)R.Br.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Richard Fensome   Tue Apr 24 2007

Species survived two winters outdoors in West Cork, Ireland at 200M ASL. Main threat seems to be wind rock, but perhaps plant had spent too much time in the pot. Richard Fensome

Keith Johnson   Thu Oct 22 2009

zone 0? I don't think so, not if it won't handle UK winters.

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