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Cornus sanguinea - L.

Common Name Dogwood, Bloodtwig dogwood
Family Cornaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Contrary to some reports, the fruit is not poisonous, but the leaves can cause skin irritations to sensitive people[65].
Habitats Mixed woods, scrub and hedgerows, especially on calcareous soils[7, 13, 186].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia to Spain, east to Sicily and Greece. Rare in S.W. Asia..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood, Bloodtwig dogwood


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Cornus sanguinea Dogwood, Bloodtwig dogwood
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Cornus sanguinea is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Swida sanguinea. Thelycrania sanguinea.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil.

Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile[115]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200]. An oil is obtained from the seed[2], it is edible when refined[75].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Emetic;  Febrifuge.

The bark is astringent and febrifuge[7]. It is used to treat fevers[254]. The leaves are sometimes used externally as an astringent[7]. The fruit is emetic[7].

Other Uses

Basketry;  Charcoal;  Dye;  Fuel;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Oil;  Oil;  Wood.

The seed contains 45% of a non-drying oil[74], it is used in soap making and lighting[7, 13, 100, 115, 177]. A non-drying oil is also obtained from the pericarp, it is used for lighting[74]. The pericarp contains 19 - 35% oil[74]. A greenish-blue dye is obtained from the fruit[13, 74]. The young stems are very flexible and are used in basketry[7, 13, 74, 100]. Wood - tough, hard. Used for small items such as tool handles, turnery etc[11, 61, 115]. A good quality charcoal is obtained from the wood[115], the wood also makes an excellent fuel[115].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility[1], ranging from acid to shallow chalk[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are relatively shade tolerant, though they are not happy when growing in dense shade[186]. They grow badly when exposed to strong cold winds[186]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[184]. The flowers have a rather unpleasant smell to most people, though they are attractive to insects[186]. Plants have a suckering habit and can quickly form dense thickets[186]. They can be coppiced regularly and will throw up long straight stems after being cut back[186]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[164]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[164]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[78]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cornus albaTartarian Dogwood00
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Cornus amomumSilky Dogwood12
Cornus asperifolia drummondiiRoughleaf Dogwood00
Cornus australis 10
Cornus canadensisCreeping Dogwood, Bunchberry dogwood, Bunchberry42
Cornus capitataBentham's Cornel41
Cornus chinensis 23
Cornus controversaGiant Dogwood, Wedding Cake Tree,21
Cornus coreana 00
Cornus elliptica 41
Cornus floridaFlowering Dogwood22
Cornus hemsleyi 00
Cornus hongkongensis 10
Cornus iberica 20
Cornus kousaJapanese Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Chinese Dogwood,50
Cornus kousa chinensisJapanese Dogwood50
Cornus macrophyllaLarge-Leaf Dogwood22
Cornus masCornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood42
Cornus monbeigii 12
Cornus multinervosa 20
Cornus nuttalliiMountain Dogwood, Pacific dogwood, Western Dogwood12
Cornus oblonga 03
Cornus occidentalisWestern Dogwood11
Cornus officinalisShan Zhu Yu, Asiatic dogwood, Japanese Cornel Dogwood43
Cornus poliophylla 12
Cornus quinquenervis 20
Cornus rugosaRound-Leaved Dogwood01
Cornus sericeaRed Osier Dogwood, Western dogwood22
12

 

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Botanical References

1117200

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Subject : Cornus sanguinea  
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