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Viburnum prunifolium - L.
                 
Common Name Stagberry, Black Haw, Hybrid blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum
Family Adoxaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards Overdose symptoms include: nausea, dizziness, fits (seizures), visual disturbances, increased perspiration, reduced pulse rate. Rare allergic reactions. Avoid during pregnancy due to effects on the uterus [301].
Habitats Thickets, woodland borders, shores etc[43], and on dry rocky hillsides[3, 82].
Range Eastern N. America - Connecticut to Florida, west to Texas and Kansas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Upright or erect, Vase.

Viburnum prunifolium Stagberry, Black Haw, Hybrid blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Viburnum prunifolium Stagberry, Black Haw, Hybrid blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Viburnum prunifolium is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
Viburnum pyrifolium.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 5, 55, 62, 200, 257]. A thin dry flesh with a sweet taste[11, 159, 227]. The fruit is somewhat variable in size and quality, the best forms are nice raw whilst others are used for making preserves etc[183]. The taste is best after a frost[22, 46, 61]. The ovoid fruit is about 17mm long and contains a single large seed[200].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Abortifacient;  Anodyne;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Birthing aid;  Nervine;  Sedative.

Stagberry was used by the North American Indians to treat dysentery and to arrest haemorrhage of the uterus[254, 257]. It is now considered to be a specific treatment for the relief of menstrual pain - the bark contains 'scopoletin', a coumarin that has a sedative affect on the uterus and salicin, a painkiller that is used in making aspirin[238, 254]. The bark of the root and stems is abortifacient, anodyne, antispasmodic, astringent, nervine and sedative[9, 46, 165, 222]. A tea is used internally in the treatment of painful or heavy menstruation, prolapse of the uterus, morning sickness, to prevent miscarriage and to relieve spasms after childbirth[222, 238, 254]. It is also used to treat convulsive disorders, colic and other cramping pains that affect the bile ducts, hysteria, asthma and palpitations of a nervous origin[238, 254]. The stem bark is harvested in the autumn before the leaves change colour, or in the spring before the leaf buds open[238]. The root bark is only harvested in the autumn[254]. Both barks can be dried for later use[238].
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge;  Wood.

Plants can be grown as a hedge, they can be sheared to make a formal screen[200]. Wood - heavy, hard, strong, brittle, close grained[82]. It weighs 52lb per cubic foot, but is of no commercial importance due to the small size of the trees[227, 229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Screen, Specimen. An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils[1]. Unlike other members of the genus, this species grows well on poor soils and in dry situations[200]. Prefers a deep rich loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[11, 200]. Best if given shade from the early morning sun in spring[200]. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -40°c[200]. Plants are self-incompatible and need to grow close to a genetically distinct plant in the same species in order to produce fruit and fertile seed[11, 200]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Germination can be slow, sometimes taking more than 18 months. If the seed is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has fully ripened) and sown immediately in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[80]. Stored seed will require 2 months warm then 3 months cold stratification and can still take 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of soft-wood, early summer in a frame[200]. Pot up into individual pots once they start to root and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8 cm long with a heel if possible, July/August in a frame[78, 113]. Plant them into individual pots as soon as they start to root. These cuttings can be difficult to overwinter, it is best to keep them in a greenhouse or cold frame until the following spring before planting them out[113]. Cuttings of mature wood, winter in a frame. They should root in early spring - pot them up when large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if sufficient new growth is made, otherwise keep them in a cold frame for the next winter and then plant them out in the spring. Layering of current seasons growth in July/August. Takes 15 months[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Viburnum betulifolium 20
Viburnum cassinoidesWithe Rod, Appalachian Tea, Witherod Viburnum, Witherod, Wild Raisin Viburnum31
Viburnum cordifoliumViburnum10
Viburnum corylifolium 10
Viburnum cotinifolium 30
Viburnum cylindricum 11
Viburnum dentatumArrow Wood, Southern arrowwood, Southern Arrowwood Viburnum21
Viburnum dilatatumLinden Viburnum, Linden arrowwood31
Viburnum eduleMooseberry, Squashberry31
Viburnum erosumViburnum20
Viburnum erubescens 21
Viburnum erubescens gracilipes 20
Viburnum farreriCulver's root, Fragrant Viburnum30
Viburnum foetens 30
Viburnum fordiae 10
Viburnum furcatum 10
Viburnum grandiflorumCranberry bush,30
Viburnum japonicum 20
Viburnum lantanaWayfaring Tree, Wayfaring Tree Viburnum10
Viburnum lantanoidesHobbleberry31
Viburnum lentagoSheepberry, Nannyberry, Nannyberry Viburnum41
Viburnum mongolicum 10
Viburnum mullaha 21
Viburnum nudumSmooth Withe Rod, Possumhaw, Withe-rod, Swamp Haw, Smooth Witherod, Possum Haw Viburnum, Possum Haw31
Viburnum odoratissimumSweet Viburnum10
Viburnum opulusGuelder Rose, Cramp Bark, European cranberrybush, American cranberrybush, Crampbark, European Highb33
Viburnum phlebotrichum 10
Viburnum plicatumJapanese Snowball, Japanese Snowball Viburnum, Doublefile Viburnum10
Viburnum rufidulumSouthern Black Haw, Rusty blackhaw31
12
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Subject : Viburnum prunifolium  

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