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Mitchella repens - L.
                 
Common Name Partridge Berry
Family Rubiaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry or moist knolls in woods[43], on sandy sub-strates[200].
Range N. America - Newfoundland to Florida, west to Texas and Minnesota.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer. Form: Spreading or horizontal.

Mitchella repens Partridge Berry


Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth, TX
Mitchella repens Partridge Berry
http://www.flickr.com/people/7147684@N03
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Mitchella repens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw[2, 105, 161]. Pleasant and slightly aromatic[183]. Dry and tasteless, with lots of seeds according to another report[4]. The fruit hangs on well on the bush[1]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200]. A tea is made from the leaves[207].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Diuretic;  Hypnotic;  Oxytoxic;  Sedative;  Tonic;  Women's complaints.

Partridge berry was commonly used by several native North American Indian tribes as a parturient to hasten childbirth. It was also occasionally used to treat a variety of other complaints including insomnia, rheumatic pain and fluid retention[254]. It is still used in modern herbalism as an aid to childbirth and is also considered to have a tonic effect upon the uterus and the ovaries[254]. The herb is astringent, diuretic, hypnotic and tonic[4, 21, 102, 165, 192, 213]. Frequent doses of a tea made from the fresh or dried leaves were used by N. American Indian women in the weeks preceding childbirth in order to promote easy delivery[213, 222, 238]. This tea should not be used during the first six months of labour, however, since it can induce a miscarriage[238]. The tea is also used to treat delayed, painful or irregular menses[222, 238]. The tea was also used externally as a wash for hives, swellings, sore nipples, rheumatism etc[222]. The leaves are harvested in the summer and dried for later use[238]. A tea made from the berries has a very definite sedating effect on the nervous system[192].
Other Uses
Can be used as a ground cover plant in a shady position[3, 188]. Plants form a spreading carpet, rooting along the stems, and are best spaced about 30cm apart each way[208].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Container, Ground cover, Rock garden, Specimen, Woodland garden. Requires a moist but well-drained lime-free soil and some shade[11]. Prefers a peaty soil[1, 200], succeeding in neutral to acid soils[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[200]. A trailing plant, the stems forming new roots at the nodes[192]. The dried leaves have a scent of newly mown hay[245]. The flowers have a pleasant sweet fragrance[245]. Succeeds in the shade of trees[1, 11], growing well in a woodland and in the rock garden[1, 200]. Plants can be difficult to establish[188], though they can become invasive once they are well established[238]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Naturalizing, Fragrant flowers.
Propagation
Seed - it germinates better if given 3 months cold stratification and so it is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[113]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. Make sure that all the fruit pulp is removed from the seed because it contains germination inhibitors[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division of naturally layered stems in the spring[200]. Cuttings.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Australia, Britain, Canada, Europe, Guatemala, Japan, North America, USA,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Subject : Mitchella repens  

Plant Uses

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