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Trichosanthes kirilowii japonica - (Miq.)Kitam.
                 
Common Name
Family Cucurbitaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats See Trichosanthes kirilowii for possible related hazards.
Range E. Asia - Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Trichosanthes kirilowii japonica


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Trichosanthes kirilowii japonica
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Trichosanthes kirilowii japonica is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 6 m (19ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Trichosanthes japonica. Reg.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves;  Oil;  Oil;  Root.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil.

Fruit. Preserved in salt or made into a gruel[183]. The young fruits are pickled[177]. The pulp of older fruits is eaten[179]. Mature fruits are about 10cm long[200]. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[177, 183]. An edible starch is obtained from the root[183]. It requires leeching[179]. The root is harvested in the autumn, cut into thick slices, soaked for 4 - 5 days in water, changing the water daily until the root disintegrates and can be mashed into a fine pulp. It is then steamed into cakes or used for making dumplings[177, 178, 179]. The starch is mixed with wheat or rice flour and made into crackers, dumplings, noodles etc[183]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[183].
Medicinal Uses


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Antibacterial;  Anticholesterolemic;  Antifungal;  Antiinflammatory;  Antitussive;  Cancer;  Depurative;  Emollient;  
Expectorant;  Febrifuge;  Galactogogue;  Oxytoxic;  Sialagogue;  Skin;  Uterine tonic;  
Vulnerary.

This plant is closely related to T. kirilowii, which is commonly used in Chinese herbalism. This plant almost certainly has the same properties which are:- This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[218]. Recent research has isolated a protein called 'trichosanthin' in the roots and this is undergoing trials as a possible remedy for AIDS[238]. Skin, vulnerary[174, 178]. The leaf and the stem are febrifuge[218]. The fruit is antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antifungal, depurative, emollient, expectorant and laxative[147, 174, 176, 178, 238]. It is used in the treatment of pulmonary infections with yellow and thick sputum, chest pains, stuffy feelings in the chest, constipation and dry stool[176]. It has an antibacterial action against E. coli, Bacillus dysenteriae, B. typhi, B. paratyphi, Pseudomonas, Vibrio cholerae, V. Proteus etc[176]. The fruit is traditionally prepared as a winter soup to ward off colds and influenza[238]. The fruit is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238]. The rind of the fruit is used to treat a number of ailments, including cancer, jaundice, retained placenta, bronchial infections with thick phlegm and sore throat[176, 218, 238]. The seed is antitussive, emollient and expectorant[218]. The root is antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, galactogogue, laxative, oxytocic, sialagogue and uterine tonic[147, 174, 176, 178, 218, 238]. The fresh root has been noted for centuries as an abortifacient - a sponge soaked in its juice was placed in the vagina and induced an abortion in the second trimester of pregnancy[218]. The root is taken internally in the treatment of diabetes, dry coughs, and to assist in the second stage of labour[176, 238]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238]. The root and/or the seed is powdered and used in the treatment of mammary cancer[218].
Other Uses
Oil;  Oil.

An oil from the seed is used for lighting[178].
Cultivation details
Requires a rich well-drained soil and plenty of moisture in the growing season[1, 200]. Sometimes cultivated in Japan for its edible fruit and medicinal uses, it is not winter hardy in Britain and usually requires greenhouse cultivation. However, it may be possible to grow it as a spring-sown annual in a very warm sheltered bed outdoors[1].
Propagation
Seed - sow March in pots in a warm greenhouse in a rich soil. Sow 2 - 3 seeds per pot and thin to the strongest plant. Grow them on fast and plant out after the last expected frosts. Give some protection, such as a frame or cloche, until the plants are growing away well.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
(Miq.)Kitam.
Botanical References
58200275
Links / References
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Subject : Trichosanthes kirilowii japonica  

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