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Scirpus maritimus - L.
                 
Common Name Seaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan Bulrush
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along the seashore, in shallow water of tidal rivers, also in ditches and ponds near the sea, avoiding shady positions[1, 17].
Range Found in most regions of the world, including Britain, but absent from the Arctic.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun

Summary

Scirpus maritimus Seaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan Bulrush


www.fws.gov
Scirpus maritimus Seaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan Bulrush
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Scirpus maritimus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Schoenoplectus maritimus. Bolboschoenus maritimus. (L.)Pallas.

Habitats
 Pond; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked. Rich in starch, it is usually dried and ground into a powder[2, 55, 74, 144]. The roots form tubers at intervals along their length and new plants are formed from these tubers. When first formed, the tubers are white and starchy with a sweet coconut-milk flavour, they become black and woody with age[193]. Tubers can be up to 2.5cm in diameter[193]. Seed - cooked[257]. They can be ground into a powder and used as a mush[257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Diuretic.

The root is astringent and diuretic[240]. It is used in the treatment of amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, abdominal pain or tumours for post-partum females, abdominal distension and indigestion[176].
Other Uses
Basketry;  Weaving.

The leaves are used in weaving and basketry[74, 257]. The leaves have been used to secure the edges of woven mats, as the warp for sandals, as the warps and twining wefts for clothing, to secure the edges of skirts etc[257]. They have been used to make twined mats for the insides of houses[257].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in any wet to moisture retentive ground, pond margins and shallow water in full sun or shade[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in a pot standing in 3cm of water. Only just cover the seed with soil[200]. The seed usually germinates fairly quickly. Prick out the plants when large enough to handle and plant out in their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Scirpus acutusHard Stem Bulrush31
Scirpus affinis 20
Scirpus americanusAmerican Bulrush20
Scirpus caldwellii 00
Scirpus cyperinusWoolly Grass Bulrush, Woolgrass10
Scirpus fluviatilisRiver Bulrush21
Scirpus lacustrisBulrush31
Scirpus litoralisBulrush00
Scirpus medianus 00
Scirpus microcarpusPanicled Bulrush31
Scirpus nevadensisNevada Bulrush20
Scirpus paludosusBayonet Grass20
Scirpus subterminalisWater Bulrush20
Scirpus ternatus 10
Scirpus validusRiver Club-Rush21
Scirpus validus creberSoft-Stem Bulrush21
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