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Ostrya virginiana - (Mill.)K.Koch.
                 
Common Name Ironwood, Hophornbeam, Hop Hornbeam American, Hop Hornbeam Eastern
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich moist woods[43, 227], it is also found on dry gravelly slopes and ridges, often in the shade of oaks and other large trees[82].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Manitoba, Nebraska, Florida and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Brown, Green. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Oval, Pyramidal, Rounded.

Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam, Hop Hornbeam American, Hop Hornbeam Eastern


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Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam, Hop Hornbeam American, Hop Hornbeam Eastern
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ostrya virginiana is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower in September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant)Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
O. virginica. Carpinus ostrya. C. virginiana.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Astringent;  Blood tonic;  Haemostatic;  Pectoral.

The bark is astringent, blood tonic and haemostatic[257]. A decoction of the bark is used to bathe sore muscles[257]. An infusion of the bark can be held in the mouth to relieve the pain of toothache[257]. An infusion of the heartwood has been used in the treatment of lung haemorrhages, coughs and colds, catarrh and kidney problems[257]. It is also used as a herbal steam bath in the treatment of rheumatism[257].
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - close-grained, very hard, very strong, durable. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot. The wood is of a very high quality but the tree is not large enough to be used commercially. It is used locally for posts, mallets, tool handles and applications where resistance to wear is essential[11, 46, 61, 82, 103, 226, 227, 229]. A very good fuel, though it is almost impossible to split[226].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Firewood, Pest tolerant, Specimen, Street tree, Woodland garden. An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils[11].Thrives in any good loam, including chalk[200], it does not demand much light. Prefers a deep open loam. A rather slow-growing tree[227]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it normally germinates in spring. The germination rate is variable but usually good[78]. 'Green' seed, harvested when the embryo has fully formed but before the outer coat has dried, sown immediately in a cold frame germinates very well. Stored seed requires stratification, 3 months warm then 5 months cold usually works well but germination can take 18 months[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
(Mill.)K.Koch.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
David Buck Thu Nov 23 2006
Ironwood is not that difficult to split if using a heavy maul.
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Subject : Ostrya virginiana  

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