homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Oryza sativa - L.
                 
Common Name Rice, Common Rice
Family Poaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation
Range Only known in cultivation.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun

Summary
Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. It has two major subspecies - japonica (sticky and short-grained) and indica (non sticky and long-grained). The former is usually cultivated in dry fields and upland areas while the latter is mainly cultivated in the lowland areas and submerged, throughout tropical Asia. The seeds are cooked, either by boiling or steaming. The seed also yields oil which can be used in cooking or as a salad oil. The oil can also be used for soap making or made into a plastic packaging material. Rice also has medicinal uses. It is diuretic and used to treat urinary dysfunctions. Excessive lactation, poor appetite, and indigestion can be treated using the seeds. Rhizome, on the other hand, is taken internally as treatment for night sweats, tuberculosis, and chronic pneumonia. Rice starch is also used in cosmetics, textiles, and laundering starch. Rice straw is used for weaving, paper production, and construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging materials, and bags. It is also used as thatching material or as fuel.

Oryza sativa Rice, Common Rice


http://www.botanicimage.com
Oryza sativa Rice, Common Rice
Green wikimedia.org
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Oryza sativa is a ANNUAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms
Oryza palustris Salisb. Oryza communissima Lour. Oryza glutinosa Lour. Oryza montana Lour. Oryza pra

Habitats
Edible Uses
Seed - cooked. It is usually either boiled or steamed and can be eaten in a wide variety of both savoury and sweet dishes[238 ]. It is an essential accompaniment for curries and Far Eastern dishes, it is used in European dishes such as paella and risotto, whilst it is also used in sweet dishes such as rice pudding[238 ]. The grain can also be popped like popcorn to make a breakfast cereal[238 ]. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. It is used in cooking and as a salad oil[418 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



Rice is a nutritive, soothing, tonic herb that is diuretic, reduces lactation, improves digestion and controls sweating[238 ]. The seeds are taken internally in the treatment of urinary dysfunction[238 ]. The seeds, or the germinated seeds, are taken to treat excessive lactation[238 ]. The germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating[238 ]. The grains are often cooked with herbs to make a medicinal gruel[238 ]. The rhizome is taken internally in the treatment of night sweats, especially in cases of tuberculosis and chronic pneumonia[238 ]. The rhizomes are harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for use in decoctions[238 ].
Other Uses
Other Uses Although grown mainly for food, rice starch it is also used in cosmetics, laundering starch, and textiles[418 ]. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. It is used for soap manufacture and it is made into a plastic packaging material[418 ]. Rice straw is used for weaving into hats, shoes etc[46 , 272 ]. Rice straw is also used for making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. It is used for construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging material and bags in India[418 ]. It is also used as a fuel in Vietnam[418 ]. In China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used in the production of paper[418 ]. The grain husks are used as a fuel; as an addition to concrete; for making hardboard; and as an abrasive[418 ].
Cultivation details
Rice can be grown in the moist tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2,500 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30?c, but can tolerate 10 - 36?c[418 ]. Growth ceases below 10?c and plants have no tolerance to frost[418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,500 - 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 4,000mm[418 ]. Requires a wet to inundated soil and a position in full sun[238 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 4.5 - 9[418 ]. Depending upon variety, rice can mature a crop of seed in anything from 60 - 200 days[418 ]. There are many named varieties that have been developed to suit a wide diversity of climates and soil types[200 ]. These can be grouped into two main forms:- Lowland - this is grown in land that is flooded during the growing season[46 ]. Upland - this form does not require submersion by water[46 ]. There are many different cultivars of each form. Some of these cultivars are starchy and are more suited to use in cakes, soups, pastry, breakfast foods etc[46 ]. Other cultivars have a sweeter, glutinous texture, these are used for special purposes such as sweetmeats[46 ]. Within these divisions, the varieties are further defined by whether they have short, medium or long grains[46 ]. Long grained forms usually have the highest value, though short-grained forms are preferred in many countries[46 ]. Flowering Time: Late Summer/Early Fall. Bloom Color: Cream/Tan. Spacing: 18-24 in. (45-60 cm).
Propagation
Seed -
Other Names
Rice, Common Rice, Akki, Ari, Arisi, Arroz, Arus, Ba, Bak, Beras, Bhat, Bhatta, Biring, Biyyamu, Byeo, Chahai, Chal, Chaval, Chawal, Choka, Dangar, Dao, Dhan, Dhanya, Kao chow, Kao nyo, Kao, Kome, Mo, Nasi, Nellu, Nivara, Padi, Pari, Raisi, Reis, Riso, Riz, Schinkafa, Syali, Tandula, Re raiti, Vadlu, Varidhanyamu, Vrihi, akkiege, amidon de riz, amylum oryzae, ari, arishi, arisi, arroz, arshee, asian, rice, aval, bhata, chamul, bhatta, bhatto, biranj, brown rice, bras, buru, calav cha, chanval, chaval, chavel, chawl, chho, chhosan, chokha, chorya, coke, corava, damgara, dao, daoya, dha, dhan, dhana, dhanarmul, dhanyamu, dhanya, fructus oryzae germinatus, ine, jhona, jo, lhma, lowland rice, mi-tong-kar-la, mlda, nellu, nelver, nivara, odalu, oryzae amylum, oryzae fructus, oryzae fructus germinatus, oryzae radix, oryzae semen, paddy, paddy plant, padi, rais, reis, ri, rice, rice starch, rice-grain sprout, rice|wee, ris, riso, riz, rozz, sali, sali bhat, shali, shalichokha, sun, tandul, tandulamul, ta??ulama, thavidu, upland rice, vadlu, vrihi, wa, ya, yam, sali (fruit), sali (root).
Found In
Africa, Angola, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo DR, Congo R, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial-Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
 
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Oryza sativa  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.