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Lycopodium complanatum - L.
                 
Common Name Ground Pine, Groundcedar
Family Lycopodiaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The plant contains lycopodine, which is poisonous by paralysing the motor nerves[21, 218]. It also contains clavatine which is toxic to many mammals[218]. The spores, however, are not toxic[21].
Habitats Moist coniferous woods, from lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains of Western N. America[60].
Range Europe to E. Asia and northern N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Summary

Lycopodium complanatum Ground Pine, Groundcedar


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Lycopodium complanatum Ground Pine, Groundcedar
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of fern
Lycopodium complanatum is an evergreen Fern growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Miscellany;  Tonic.

A decoction of the plant is analgesic, antirheumatic, carminative, mildly diuretic, stomachic and tonic[4, 218, 238]. It is used internally in the treatment of urinary and kidney disorders, catarrhal cystitis, gastritis etc[238]. It is applied externally to skin diseases and irritations[238]. The plant can be harvested all year round and is used fresh or dried[238]. The spores of this plant are antipruritic, decongestant, diuretic and stomachic[4]. They are applied externally as a dusting powder to various skin diseases, to wounds or inhaled to stop bleeding noses[4, 7]. They can also be used to absorb fluids from injured tissues[213, 218]. The spores are harvested when ripe in late summer[9]. The spores can also be used as a dusting powder to prevent pills sticking together[4, 213]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the spores[232]. It has a wide range of applications including dry coughs, mumps and rheumatic pains[232, 238].
Other Uses
Miscellany;  Mordant;  Weaving.

The plant can be used as a mordant in dyeing[172, 257]. The following uses are for L. clavatum. They quite possibly also apply to this species[K]. The spores are water repellent and can be used as a dusting powder to stop things sticking together[106, 171]. They are also used as a talcum powder and for dressing moulds in iron foundries[74]. They can also be used as explosives in fireworks and for artificial lightning[46, 57, 102, 171, 213]. The stems are made into matting[46].
Cultivation details
Thrives in a rough spongy peat in a shady position[1]. Requires a humid atmosphere[200]. Terrestrial members of this genus are hard to establish. The roots are delicate and liable to rot, most water being absorbed through the foliage[200]. The plant has an aromatic resinous smell[4]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233]. Although looking more like a moss, this genus is closely related to the ferns[200].
Propagation
Spores - best sown as soon as they are ripe on the surface of a humus-rich sterilized soil. Keep the compost moist, preferably by putting a plastic bag over the pot. Pot on small clumps of plantlets as soon as they are large enough to handle and keep humid until they are well established. Do not plant outside until the ferns are at least 2 years old and then only in a very well sheltered position. The spores are generally produced in abundance but are difficult to grow successfully[200]. Layering of growing tips[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lycopodium annotinumStiff Club Moss00
Lycopodium campanulatum 01
Lycopodium clavatumCommon Club Moss, Running clubmoss03
Lycopodium lucidulumShining Club Moss10
Lycopodium obscurumGround Pine, Rare clubmoss02
Lycopodium selagoFir Clubmoss12
Lycopodium serratumClub Moss02
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Botanical References
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Subject : Lycopodium complanatum  

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