homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Euphorbia serpyllifolia - Pers.
                 
Common Name Thymeleaf Sandmat
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[214].
Habitats Dry sandy or alluvial soils[43, 235].
Range N. America - British Columbia to Michigan and Wisconsin, south to California, Texas and Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Euphorbia serpyllifolia Thymeleaf Sandmat


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Euphorbia serpyllifolia Thymeleaf Sandmat
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Euphorbia serpyllifolia is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
Chamaesyce serpyllifolia. (Pers.)Small.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses: Drink.

Root - cooked. They are chewed (by women!) and then mixed with corn meal to sweeten it[161]. One report says that the women would keep the root in their mouths for two days, only taking it out when taking refreshments or sleeping. At the end of that time as much cornmeal as possible was placed in the mouth and held there, without chewing, until the build-up of saliva forced ejection of the mass[257]. (Saliva contains certain enzymes that convert starches to sugars and so it will sweeten corn meal on its own[K].) The chewed root acts like a yeast preparation and has been used in making cakes[257]. The root can be dried for later use[257]. The root has been fermented to make an intoxicating drink[257]. The leaves are used for chewing[161, 177]. They have a pleasant taste[257]. All these uses should be viewed with some caution, see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Galactogogue;  Haemostatic;  Odontalgic;  Poultice;  Skin;  Stings;  Stomachic;  Warts.


Thymeleaf sandmat was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints[257]. It is not normally used in modern herbalism and any use of this plant should be done with great care because of its potentially toxic nature[K]. A decoction of the plant has been used to encourage milk flow in nursing mothers and to treat diarrhoea, stomach aches[257]. Externally, the decoction has been used as a wash on running sores and poison ivy rash[257]. A poultice of the plant has been applied to rattlesnake bites - this must be done immediately after being bitten if it is to be effective[257]. A poultice made from the chewed plant has been applied to cuts to stop the bleeding[257]. The heated poultice has been used to treat toothache[257]. The dried leaves have been rubbed into scratches on the abdomen to treat dysentery and bloating in children[257]. The sap has been used to treat warts[257]. The sap needs to be applied at least once a day and will take some time to be effective.
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain. Other members of the genus prefer a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position[200]. Succeeds in dry soils[1]. Hybridizes with other members of this genus[200]. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out[141].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks at 20°c.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acalypha australisAsian copperleaf01
Alchornea castaneifoliaIporuru04
Alchornea cordifoliaChristmas Bush24
Aleurites cordataJapan Wood-Oil Tree00
Aleurites fordiiTung Tree, Tung Oil Tree, Wood Oil Tree China13
Aleurites moluccanusCandle Nut, Country Walnut33
Chrozophora tinctoriaDyer's Croton, Giradol10
Cnidoscolus aconitifoliusTree Spinach, Tread Softly, Cabbage Star, Chaya43
Croton lechleriSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Croton megalocarpusCroton tree02
Croton palanostigmaSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Croton salutarisSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Euphorbia antisyphiliticaCandelilla20
Euphorbia corollataWild Spurge, Flowering spurge02
Euphorbia drummondiiCaustic Weed01
Euphorbia helioscopiaMadwoman's Milk12
Euphorbia hirtaAsthma Weed, Pill-Bearing Spurge13
Euphorbia humifusa 12
Euphorbia ipecacuanhaeAmerican Ipec01
Euphorbia lathyrisCaper Spurge, Moleplant12
Euphorbia marginataMountain Snow, Ghost Spurge, Ghost Weed11
Euphorbia pekinensisDa Ji03
Euphorbia sieboldiana 12
Euphorbia tetragonaNaboom11
Euphorbia thomsoniana 01
Euphorbia tirucalliAfrican Milkbush, Pencil Cactus, Milk Bush02
Glochidion eriocarpum 02
Glochidion puberumNeedlebush02
Hevea benthamianaHevea30
12
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
Pers.
Botanical References
43235
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Euphorbia serpyllifolia  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.