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Eriogonum alatum - Torr.
                 
Common Name Winged Buckwheat
Family Polygonaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sandy to gravelly flats and slopes, mixed grassland, saltbush, and sagebrush communities, oak, pinyon and/or juniper, and montane conifer woodlands at elevations of 300 - 3100 metres[270].
Range South-western N. America - Nebraska to Texas, west to Colorado and California.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Eriogonum alatum Winged Buckwheat


Patrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Eriogonum alatum Winged Buckwheat
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 1: 648.
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Eriogonum alatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). It is in flower from Jul to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or dried for later use[155, 177, 257]. Seed - ground into a powder and made into a mush[257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Salve.

The plant has been used in the treatment of pain and also to make a lotion to treat rashes[155, 257]. A cold infusion of the root has been used to treat diarrhoea and bad coughs[257]. It has also been used as a mouthwash for sore gums[257]. The powdered root has been mixed with oil and used as a dressing on a baby's sore navel[257]. The Navajo (Diné) people consider the species to be a 'life medicine', using a mixture of shredded roots and water primarily to treat internal ailments[270]. The species is used as a ceremonial medicine[270]. The Zuni use it as an emetic for stomachaches[270].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain. There are two main forms of the plant, the type variety (Eriogonum alatum var. alatum) is rarely cultivated since an individual plant may go up to seven (or more) years before flowering, after which it dies[270]. It is unclear whether the variety glabriusculum also does this[K]. The notes below are based on the needs of other members of this genus. Requires a loose lean gritty well-drained soil in a very sunny position[200]. Succeeds in dry soils. Tolerates exposed positions[200]. Requires some protection from winter wet[1]. Established plants resent root disturbance[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a sandy compost in a greenhouse. Sow stored seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse[1]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in early spring[1]. This has to be done with care because the plant resents root disturbance[200]. Try to obtain divisions from around the edges of the plants without digging up the whole clump. Tease the divisions out with as much root on them as possible and pot them up. Grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse until they are rooting well and plant them out in the summer. Cuttings of greenwood with a heel in the summer[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Eriogonum atrorubensRed Wild Buckwheat, Red buckwheat10
Eriogonum corymbosumCrispleaf Buckwheat, Las Vegas wild buckwheat11
Eriogonum inflatumAmerican Pipeweed, Desert trumpet21
Eriogonum jamesiiAntelope Sage, James' buckwheat02
Eriogonum latifoliumSeaside Buckwheat21
Eriogonum longifoliumLongleaf Buckwheat11
Eriogonum microthecumSlender Buckwheat, Alpine slender buckwheat, San Bernardino buckwheat, Johnston's buckwheat, Panamin11
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Expert comment
 
Author
Torr.
Botanical References
235270
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Al Schneider Wed Oct 22 23:32:26 2003
This plant is monocarpic and is also known as Pterogonum alatum.

Link: Southwest Colorado Wildflowers, Ferns, and Trees

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Subject : Eriogonum alatum  

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