homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Cotinus obovatus - Raf.
                 
Common Name Chittamwood, American smoketree
Family Anacardiaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Skin contact with this plant can cause dermatitis in sensitive people[200]. Though related to several poisonous species, this species is definitely not poisonous[65].
Habitats Calcareous rocky woods and bluffs[43].
Range South-eastern N. America - Tennessee to Alabama and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.

Cotinus obovatus Chittamwood, American smoketree


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten
Cotinus obovatus Chittamwood, American smoketree
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Cotinus obovatus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
C. americanus. Rhus cotinoides.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye;  Wood.

An orange or yellow dye is obtained from the wood[46, 61, 82, 169]. This was extensvely used in America at the time of the Civil War, but is little used commercially at present[274]. Wood - light, soft, rather coarse grained, very durable in the soil[82, 149, 229]. It weighs about 40lb per cubic foot[235]. Trees are too small and rare for commercial exploitation, but the wood is used locally for fence posts[82, 149, 229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Standard, Specimen. Tolerates most soils[202]. Prefers a well-drained soil in a sunny position[200], doing better in a soil that is not very rich[11]. Tolerates light shade[188]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[202], though die-back often occurs at the tips of shoots during the winter[202]. Plants are slow to establish but are then quite fast growing when young though they slow down with age[202]. Plants respond well to coppicing[229]. Hybridizes with C. coggygria[182]. A very ornamental plant[1]. The young leaves have an aromatic fragrance when bruised[245]. This species is in danger of extinction in the wild due to its being cut down for use in making a dye, this occurred especially during the N. American civil war[Notes on a board at Kew]. Plants flower on wood that is at least 3 years old[202]. Any pruning is best done in the spring[202]. Seed production is normally poor because many of the flower clusters are sterile[229]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features:North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[78, 113, 200]. It should germinate in the spring. Slightly immature or 'green' seed, harvested when it has fully developed but before it dries on the plant, gives the best results[113]. Warm stratify stored seed for 2 - 3 months at 15°c, then cold stratify for 2 - 3 months[164]. Germination can be very slow, often taking 12 months or more at 15°c[164]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed has a long viability and should store for several years[113]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Trench layering in spring[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cotinus coggygriaSmoke Tree, European smoketree, Venetian Sumac, Wig Tree, Smoke Tree11
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
Raf.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Shar Joyce Sun Jul 12 2009
Would chewing on the branches of this tree cause a dog to get sick? My dogs have started chewing on lower branches of my 2-year-old smoketree and I wonder if their periodic illnesses are attributable to this. Thank you.
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Cotinus obovatus  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.