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Corylus avellana pontica - (C.Koch.)Winkl.
                 
Common Name
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mixed woodland, streamsides etc in Turkey[93], in the lower montane zone[74].
Range E. Europe to Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Corylus avellana pontica


Corylus avellana pontica
   
Physical Characteristics
 
Corylus avellana pontica is a deciduous Tree. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
C. colurna. non L. C. pontica.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Oil;  Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Milk;  Oil;  Oil.

Seed - raw or roasted and used in breads, cakes, biscuits, sweets etc[105]. They can also be liquidized and used as a plant milk[183]. Rich in oil. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[K]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[K]. A clear yellow edible oil is obtained from the seed[7, 9, 183]. It is used in salad dressings, baking etc.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Miscellany.

None known
Other Uses
Basketry;  Charcoal;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Miscellany;  Oil;  Oil;  Plant support;  Polish;  Wood.

The seed contains up to 65% of a non-drying oil, used in paints, cosmetics etc[13, 46, 57, 132]. The whole seed can be used to polish and oil wood[6]. Very easy and effective[K]. Plants can be grown as a tall hedge[29]. They need to be left untrimmed or only lightly trimmed if seed is required[29]. Wood - soft, easy to split, not very durable, beautifully veined. Used for inlay work, small items of furniture, hurdles, wattles, basketry, pea sticks etc[7, 13, 23, 46, 61, 63, 66, 125]. The twigs are used as dowsing rods by water diviners[11]. The wood also yields a good quality charcoal, used by artists[63, 101].
Cultivation details
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility[11, 200]. It does less well in rich heavy soils or poor ones[11, 63]. Does well in a loamy soil[11]. Very suitable for an alkaline soil[11], but it dislikes very acid soils[17]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[1, 11]. Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large[11].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[164]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification[164]. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[164]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K]. Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[78, 200]. Division of suckers in early spring. Very easy, they can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Corylus americanaAmerican Hazel31
Corylus avellanaHazel, Common filbert, European Filbert, Harry Lauder's Walking Stick, Corkscrew Hazel, Hazelnut52
Corylus chinensisChinese Hazel20
Corylus colurnaTurkish Hazel, Chinese hazelnut, Turkish Filbert, Turkish Hazel31
Corylus cornutaBeaked Hazel, California hazelnut, Turkish Filbert, Turkish Hazel31
Corylus cornuta californicaCalifornia Hazel30
Corylus fargesii 20
Corylus feroxHimalayan Hazel, Tibetan hazelnut20
Corylus heterophyllaSiberian Filbert21
Corylus jacquemontiiIndian Tree Hazel30
Corylus maximaFilbert, Giant filbert50
Corylus sieboldianaJapanese Hazel30
Corylus sieboldiana mandschuricaHairy hazel, Japanese hazelnut,30
Corylus tibetica 20
Corylus x colurnoidesTrazel30
Corylus x vilmoriniiChinese Trazel20
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Expert comment
 
Author
(C.Koch.)Winkl.
Botanical References
93
Links / References
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Subject : Corylus avellana pontica  

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