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Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifolia - L.H.Bailey
                 
Common Name Curled Mustard
Family Brassicaceae
USDA hardiness 6-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A cultivar of garden origin
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Known food crop for its edible leaves, Curled Mustard or Brassica juncea is an erect annual plant that grows up to 30 cm tall. It is grown from seeds and is used as a green manure. It prefers temperate areas as it is not resistant to drought. The leaves are eaten raw and added into salads or cooked as vegetables. Sweet and succulent flowers and young flowering stems are also eaten raw or cooked. The seed, on the other hand, contains edible semi-drying oil. It is also the source of “brown mustard” and is used whole in curries and pickles. Curled mustard is also used as medicine. In particular, it is use against arthritis, foot ache, lumbago and rheumatism. The seed is used as treatment for tumours, abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders. The root is used to increase milk supply in lactating women. The oil is used as treatment for skin disorders and ulcers. Lastly, the leaves are used to relieve headache, inflammation, bladder, and haemorrhage.

Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifolia Curled Mustard


flickr John and Anni Winings
Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifolia Curled Mustard
flickr Eileen Kane
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifolia is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
No synonyms are recorded for this name.

Habitats
Edible Uses
Leaves - raw or cooked[ 22 , 33 , 46 , 52 , 61 ]. A peppery flavour that can range from mild to hot, this is one of the most highly prized cooked vegetables in the Orient[ 206 ]. The leaves can also be finely shredded and added to mixed salads[ 206 ]. The protein extracted from the leaves mixes well with banana pulp and is well adapted as a pie filling[ 183 ]. Flowers and young flowering stems - raw or cooked[ 52 ]. Sweet and succulent[ 133 ]. An edible semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[ 1 , 2 , 17 , 57 , 183 ]. The seed contains 25 - 30% oil[ 74 ]. The seed is used as a mustard flavouring[ 171 ]. It is the source of 'brown mustard'[ 183 ], a prepared mustard that is milder than that produced from other species[ 238 ]. Pungency of mustard develops when cold water is added to the ground-up seed - an enzyme (myrosin) acts on a glycoside (sinigrin) to produce a sulphur compound. The reaction takes 10 - 15 minutes. Mixing with hot water or vinegar, or adding salt, inhibits the enzyme and produces a mild bitter mustard[ 238 ]. Black mustard comes from B. nigra and white mustard from Sinapis alba. The seed is also used whole in curries and pickles[ 238 ]. They are often heated in oil to destroy their pungency and give them a nutty flavour[ 238 ]. Sprouted seeds can be added to salads.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism[ 269 ]. The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China[ 269 ]. In Korea, the seeds are used in the treatment of abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders[ 269 ]. The root is used as a galactagogue in Africa[ 269 ]. Ingestion may impart a body odour repellent to mosquitoes[ 269 ]. Mustard oil is used in the treatment of skin eruptions and ulcers[ 269 ]. Believed to be aperient and tonic, the volatile oil is used as a counterirritant and stimulant[ 269 ]. In Java the plant is used as an antisyphilitic emmenagogue[ 269 ]. Leaves applied to the forehead are said to relieve headache[ 269 ]. The Chinese eat the leaves in soups for bladder, inflammation or haemorrhage[ 269 ].
Other Uses
Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Agroforestry Uses: There is some evidence that if this plant is grown as a green manure it is effective in reducing soil-borne root rots in pea crops[ 206 ]. This is attributed to chemicals that are given off as the plants decay[ 206 ]. Other Uses None known
Cultivation details
A form of B. juncea with curled leaves that has been selected in the Orient for its edibility. There are some named varieties[ 206 ]. Very hardy in cold weather, it is used more in temperate areas than in tropical ones. Succeeds in full sun in most well-drained moisture-retentive fertile soils[ 16 , 200 , 206 ]. Prefers a heavy soil and some shade[ 16 ]. Dislikes very hot weather[ 33 ]. Plants tolerate high rainfall and, although fairly deep rooted, are not very drought resistant[ 206 ]. Plants have a rooting depth of between 90 - 120 cm[ 269 ]. A good bee plant[ 74 ].
Propagation
Seed - sow in situ from August to October. Spring and early summer-sown crops tend to run quickly to seed, though they can be eaten whilst still small[ 206 ]. It is best not to sow the seed in very hot weather[ 206 ]. There are about 5,660 - 6,000 per 0.01 kg (1/3 oz)[ 269 ].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Curled Mustard or Brassica juncea
Found In
Coming Soon
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
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Barbarea vernaLand Cress, Early yellowrocket30
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Brassica balearica 10
Brassica carinataAbyssinian Cabbage42
Brassica creticaMustard20
Brassica elongataElongated mustard20
Brassica junceaBrown Mustard42
Brassica juncea crispifoliaCurled Mustard42
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Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosaHead Mustard42
Brassica juncea integrifolia strumataLarge Petiole Mustard42
Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifoliaLeaf Mustard42
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Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
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Subject : Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifolia  

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