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Ardisia japonica - (Thunb.)Blume.                
                 
Common Name Marlberry
Family Myrsinaceae
Synonyms
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods in hills and low mountains all over Japan[58]. Mixed forests or bamboo woods, hillsides and dark damp places at elevations up to 1200 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade

Summary       
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Mid summer. Form: Prostrate, Variable spread.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Ardisia japonica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Aug to September, and the seeds ripen from Dec to March. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

USDA hardiness zone : 8-10


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Ardisia japonica Marlberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Raul654
Ardisia japonica Marlberry
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedge;
Edible Uses                                         
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antidote;  Antitussive;  Cancer;  Carminative;  Depurative;  Diuretic;  Expectorant.

This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, especially in cases of bronchitis, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[218]. Carminative, depurative, expectorant, stimulates blood circulation[147, 178]. The leaves are used in the treatment of cancer and hepatoma[218]. A decoction of the stems is used in the treatment of coughs and uterine bleeding[218]. The root is antidote and diuretic[218]. The plant is depurative[218].
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge.

Plants can be grown as a trimmed hedge[200].
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Container. Prefers a well-drained humus rich soil in partial shade in a position sheltered from cold drying winds[200]. Hardy to about -10°c, it succeeds outdoors in S.W. England[1] but is not wholly hardy at Kew[11]. It does well in a woodland situation[166]. A number of cultivars have been developed for their ornamental value[182]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Invasive, Fragrant flowers.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best harvested when it is ripe in the winter and sown immediately in a greenhouse[1]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a shady part of the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, once the plants are 20cm or more tall. Cuttings of half-ripe wood in summer[200]. Grow on in cool, shaded humid conditions until well rooted[200].
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Thunb.)Blume.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
1158200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[11]Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
[58]Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation)
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
[147]? A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
[166]Taylor. J. The Milder Garden.
A good book on plants that you didn't know could be grown outdoors in Britain.
[178]Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica.
A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal. Fascinating.
[182]Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[266] Flora of China
On-line version of the Flora - an excellent resource giving basic info on habitat and some uses.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Jesus Molina Mon Apr 19 14:24:42 2004
A quien corresponda.

Estimados compañeros, aquì en Chiapas, México, estoy trabajando con plantas del gènero Ardisias y me gustaria que me enviaran informacion referente a aislamientos de constituyentes quìmicos mediante cromatografìas.

les agradezco me correspondan

Rerspetuosamente

Químico Jesús Molina

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