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Arbutus arizonica - (A.Gray.)Sarg.
                 
Common Name Arizona Maderone
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry gravelly benches, 1800 - 2400 metres[82].
Range South-western N. America - S. Arizona to New Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Arbutus arizonica Arizona Maderone


http://www.flickr.com/photos/15363357@N00/4770529
Arbutus arizonica Arizona Maderone
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Arbutus arizonica is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter with a thin sweetish flesh[82].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent.

The bitter principles in the bark and leaves can be used as an astringent[229].
Other Uses
Charcoal;  Wood.

Wood - heavy, soft, close-grained, brittle[82]. It produces a fine grade of charcoal[229].
Cultivation details
Requires a lime-free nutrient-rich well-drained moisture-retentive soil in sun or semi-shade and shelter from cold drying winds, especially when young[200]. Succeeds in dry soils[82]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[166, 200]. A slow-growing tree[229].
Propagation
Seed - best surface sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position in a greenhouse[78]. Do not allow the compost to become dry. 6 weeks cold stratification helps[134]. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c[134]. Seedlings are prone to damp off[184], they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated. Grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts[K]. Basal cuttings in late winter[200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November/December in a frame. Poor percentage[78]. Layering of young wood - can take 2 years[1, 200].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arbutus andrachneGrecian StrawberryTree30
Arbutus canariensisCanary Madrona20
Arbutus menziesiiMadrona, Pacific madrone, Pacific Madrone32
Arbutus texanaTexas Madrone21
Arbutus unedoStrawberry Tree42
Arbutus x andrachnoides 40
Arbutus xalapensisMadrono, Texas madrone20
Epigaea repensMayflower, Trailing arbutus, Ground Laurel22
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Author
(A.Gray.)Sarg.
Botanical References
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Subject : Arbutus arizonica  

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