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Eruca vesicaria sativa - (Mill.)Thell.
                 
Common Name Rocket
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste ground, fields, olive groves, stony hills, tracksides etc[89].
Range Europe - Mediterranean. A frequent casual in Britain, occasionally becoming established for a while.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Eruca vesicaria sativa Rocket


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Retama
Eruca vesicaria sativa Rocket
SDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 192.
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Eruca vesicaria sativa is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
E. sativa. Mill. E. vesicaria. Brassica eruca.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Condiment;  Oil;  Oil.

Young leaves - raw or cooked[2, 27, 33, 34, 74]. A distinct strongly spicy flavour[183], the taste is best from fast, well-grown plants[200]. A few leaves added to a salad are acceptable though the flavour is too strong for many tastes[K]. Some people really like these leaves though most are not very keen[K]. Older leaves that have become too hot to eat on their own can be pureed and added to soups etc[183]. In the milder areas of Britain it is possible to produce edible leaves all year round from successional sowings, especially if the winter crop is given some protection[K]. Flowers - raw[52}. A similar taste to the leaves, they make a nice garnish on the salad bowl[183]. The seed yields a semi-drying oil[1, 2, 74] which is edible if stored 6 months[61, 114] and is a substitute for rapeseed oil[34]. It contains 32% fat, 27% protein[114]. It is known as 'jamba oil'[183]. A mustard is obtained from the seed[46, 74, 183], the strong flavour comes from an essential oil that is contained within the oil of the seed[114]. The pungency of mustard develops when cold water is added to the ground-up seed - an enzyme (myrosin) acts on a glycoside (sinigrin) to produce a sulphur compound. The reaction takes 10 - 15 minutes. Mixing with hot water or vinegar, or adding salt, inhibits the enzyme and produces a mild bitter mustard[238].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Antiscorbutic;  Aphrodisiac;  Diuretic;  Rubefacient;  Stimulant;  Stomachic.

Rocket was at one time used medicinally, though it is now used only as a salad herb[238]. The leaves are antiscorbutic, diuretic, stimulant and stomachic[4, 46]. The seed is rubefacient and stimulant[4, 46]. The powdered seed possesses antibacterial activity, but no alkaloids have been isolated[240]. The oil from the seed is said to have aphrodisiac properties[264].
Other Uses
Oil;  Oil.

The seed yields a semi-drying oil which is a substitute for rapeseed oil[46]. It can also be used for lighting, burning with very little soot[114].
Cultivation details
A very easily grown and fast-maturing plant, it succeeds in most soils and conditions, though it prefers some shade in summer[52]. Once established, plants are quite drought resistant[160]. Rocket is occasionally cultivated for its edible leaves and flowers, it can be ready for harvest within 40 days of sowing the seed[1, 46, 89, 264], there are some named varieties. 'Rocket Improved' is less prone to bolting, though it still grows best in cooler weather[183]. Plants usually self-sow freely if the ground is disturbed in some way, such as by hoeing[K]. This species is normally untroubled by pests or diseases[160].
Propagation
Seed - sow outdoors in spring in situ. Germination is usually very quick and free. In order to obtain a continuous supply of edible leaves, successional sowings can be made every few weeks until mid August[33]. A late summer/early autumn sowing can provide leaves in winter, though the plants might require some protection in very cold winters[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Bunias erucagoCorn Rocket, Crested wartycabbage30
Erucaria hispanica 20
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Expert comment
 
Author
(Mill.)Thell.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
TRILOK BHATNAGAR Sat Sep 9 2006
No where mentioned that how it is safe to use as cooking oil. It is expected that composition should also be mentioned. If it is clear to me it would also be useful for all. Please mention specifically about use of its oil as cooking oil. Trilok India
Elizabeth H.
Yogesh Sharma Sun Feb 18 2007
Hi Experts, If any one has any idea about following topics please lets me know: 1. Effect of UV-B radiation on eruca sativa 2. How to calculate the peroxidase value (except titrated method) Mail ID : mailbox4yogesh@gmail.com Thanks & Regards, Yogesh Sharma.
Elizabeth H.
Prem Batra Thu Mar 1 2007
I would like to know whether Eruca Jativa Oil can be eused to make Bio-Diesel.If so how much Caustic Soda and Methnol would be required to convert 100Litres of this oil iin tto Bio-diesel regards, Prem winprem@hotmail.com
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Subject : Eruca vesicaria sativa  

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