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Rubus phoenicolasius - Maxim.
                 
Common Name Japanese Wineberry, Wine raspberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste places and clearings in lowland and mountains all over Japan[58]. Roadsides and montane valleys at low to medium elevations in China[266].
Range E. Asia - N. China, Japan, Korea. Occasionally naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Rubus phoenicolasius Japanese Wineberry, Wine raspberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Japanse_wijnbessen.jpg
Rubus phoenicolasius Japanese Wineberry, Wine raspberry
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Rubus phoenicolasius is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[1, 2, 3, 34]. Sweet and juicy[11], A raspberry-type fruit, it is smaller than a raspberry, contains rather a lot of seeds and is not quite such a flavourful fruit, but it makes very nice eating all the same[K]. After flowering, the fruit is enclosed in its calyx until just before it is ripe, this prevents maggots etc getting into the fruit[K]. The fruit is about 20mm in diameter[200].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye.

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[168].
Cultivation details
Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200], preferring light shade[202]. Plants are not too happy when grown in windy situations[K]. Hardy to about -18°c[202]. Some damage may be caused at this temperature but plants usually recover well[202]. A very ornamental plant, its red stems adding colour to the winter garden[1], it is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit[1, 61]. There is at least one named variety, 'Bella di Tokyo' has small tasty red fruits[183]. This species is a raspberry with biennial stems, it produces a number of new stems each year from the perennial rootstock, these stems fruit in their second year and then die[200]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - requires stratification, is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as early as possible in the year in a cold frame and stratify for a month at 3°c if sowing later than February. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year. Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn. Division in early spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Actinidia rubus 30
Rubus abbreviansVermont blackberry30
Rubus acaulisDwarf Raspberry31
Rubus acer 10
Rubus adenophorus 20
Rubus adenotrichusMora Comun20
Rubus affinis 20
Rubus alexeterius 20
Rubus allegheniensisAlleghany Blackberry, Graves' blackberry32
Rubus almusMayes Dewberry, Garden dewberry30
Rubus amabilis 30
Rubus ampelinus 20
Rubus arcticusArctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberry50
Rubus argutusHighbush Blackberry, Sawtooth blackberry21
Rubus arizonicusArizona Dewberry20
Rubus australis 20
Rubus avipes 20
Rubus baileyanusBailey's dewberry20
Rubus barbatus 20
Rubus bellobatusKittatinny Blackberry20
Rubus biflorus 30
Rubus bifronsHimalayan berry, Hybrid European blackberry, Hybrid blackberry10
Rubus bloxamii 20
Rubus buergeri 20
Rubus caesiusDewberry, European dewberry20
Rubus calycinusWild Raspberry10
Rubus canadensisAmerican Dewberry, Smooth blackberry41
Rubus candicans 20
Rubus caucasicus 20
Rubus caudatus 20
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Expert comment
 
Author
Maxim.
Botanical References
1158200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Michael Ecker Fri Jan 21 13:37:44 2000
Is Rubus phoenicolasius a carnivore? Often you can see small insects catched by the sticky secret which covers the hairs. Some days later the insects will be digested - whether by the plant itself or by other organisms I don't know.
Elizabeth H.
Robert Gergulics Sat Apr 11 2009
Pictures Here. www.photorobg.com

www.photorobg.com

Stanton D.
Jan 31 2015 12:00AM
This species is naturalized and moderately invasive in New Jersey, USA, in forest margins and secondary forest with light to moderate shade. Here, the fruit is seedy and tart even when fully ripe, only mildly aromatic, with a faintly fishy odor in large quantities (not perceptible when eaten). Catbirds (Dumetalla carolinensis) and robins (Turdus migratorius) occasionally eat it.
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Subject : Rubus phoenicolasius  

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