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Physalis peruviana - L.
                 
Common Name Goldenberry, Peruvian groundcherry
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards All parts of the plant, except the fruit, are poisonous[19, 65].
Habitats Coastal regions and disturbed areas from sea level to 4500 metres.
Range S. America - Peru. Naturalized in C. and S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Physalis peruviana Goldenberry, Peruvian groundcherry


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Physalis peruviana Goldenberry, Peruvian groundcherry
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Physalis_Nahaufnahme.JPG
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Physalis peruviana is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked in pies, cakes, jellies, compotes, jams etc[1, 2, 3, 34, 183]. A delicious bitter-sweet flavour, it has smaller but sweeter fruits than the cultivar 'Edulis'[K]. The dried fruit can be used as a raisin substitute, though it is not so sweet[183]. The plant conveniently wraps up each fruit in its own 'paper bag' (botanically, the calyx) to protect it from pests and the elements. This calyx is toxic and should not be eaten. The fruit is rich in vitamin A (3000 I.U. of carotene per 100g), vitamin C and some of the B complex (thiamine, niacin and B12)[196]. The protein and phosphorus levels are exceptionally high for a fruit[196]. The fruit is a berry about 2cm in diameter[200]. The dried fruit is said to be a substitute for yeast[183]. If picked carefully with the calyx intact, the fruit can be stored for 3 months or more[196]. The fruit is about 2cm in diameter[196].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Diuretic;  Vermifuge.

The leaf juice has been used in the treatment of worms and bowel complaints[240]. The plant is diuretic[240].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Succeeds in a sheltered position in any well-drained soil in full sun or light shade[196, 200]. Prefers a rich loam[38] but tolerates poor soils[196]. If the soil is too rich it encourages leaf production at the expense of fruiting[196]. Plants tolerate a pH in the range 4.5 to 8.2[196]. The Cape Gooseberry is an evergreen shrub in its native environment. It is not very cold-hardy in Britain, however, though it can succeed outdoors as a herbaceous perennial in the mildest areas of the country or when grown in favoured positions such as the foot of a sunny wall. Some cultivars will tolerate temperatures down to about -10° when grown in this way[K]. It would be wise to apply a good protective mulch to the roots in late autumn after the top growth has been cut back by frosts. In most areas of Britain, however, it needs to be grown as an annual in much the same way as tomatoes. The plant is usually naturally bushy, but it can be useful to pinch out the growing tip whilst the shoots are less than 30cm tall in order to encourage side shoots[K]. This species is often cultivated for its edible fruit in warm temperate and tropical zones, there are some named varieties[3, 183]. 'Edulis' is the most common cultivar in Britain, it has considerably larger fruits than the species but these do not have quite such a good flavour[K]. Yields of 20 tonnes per hectare are common in S. America, 33 tonnes has been achieved[196].
Propagation
Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse only just covering the seed. Germination usually takes place quickly and freely. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of fairly rich soil when they are large enough to handle and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away well. Diurnal temperature fluctuations assist germination[170]. Division in spring[111]. This is best done without digging up the plant. Remove young shoots that are growing out from the side of the clump, making sure that some of the below ground shoot is also removed. It is best if this has some roots on, but the shoot should form new roots fairly quickly if it is potted up and kept for a few weeks in a shady but humid part of the greenhouse[K].
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Physalis acutifoliaSharp-Leaf Ground Cherry20
Physalis alkekengiWinter Cherry, Strawberry groundcherry,Ground Cherry, Chinese Lantern22
Physalis alkekengi franchetiiWinter Cherry22
Physalis angulataCutleaf Ground Cherry31
Physalis angustifoliaCoastal groundcherry20
Physalis arenicolaCypresshead groundcherry20
Physalis carpenteriCarpenter's groundcherry20
Physalis caudellaSouthwestern groundcherry20
Physalis crassifoliaYellow nightshade groundcherry20
Physalis foetens 20
Physalis foetens neomexicana 20
Physalis greenei 20
Physalis hederaefolia cordifoliaGround Cherry20
Physalis heterophyllaClammy Ground Cherry, Rowell's groundcherry31
Physalis ixocarpaTomatillo40
Physalis lanceolataGround Cherry, Sword groundcherry21
Physalis latiphysaBroadleaf groundcherry20
Physalis macrophysaBladder Ground Cherry, Longleaf groundcherry20
Physalis minimaSunberry, Pygmy groundcherry31
Physalis missouriensisMissouri groundcherry20
Physalis obscura 20
Physalis philadelphicaWild Tomatillo, Mexican groundcherry41
Physalis pruinosaStrawberry Tomato30
Physalis pubescensGround Cherry, Husk tomato41
Physalis pumilaPrairie Ground Cherry, Dwarf groundcherry20
Physalis subglabrataLongleaf groundcherry20
Physalis variovestitaField groundcherry20
Physalis virginianaVirginia Ground Cherry21
Physalis virginiana sonorae 20
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
170200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Corey Mon Dec 18 2006
If Microsoft designed a fruit, the physalis peruviana would be it. 'nuff said.
Elizabeth H.
TURGAY CEPNÝ Tue Jul 8 2008
Dear Sir/Madam, I want to grow physalis peruviana in Eastern Blacksea of Turkey. Please send me information how I can growt it.
Elizabeth H.
Sun Jul 27 2008
When do you harvest P. edulis?
Elizabeth H.
barry glennie Tue Oct 14 2008

i grow physallis plants in the uk survive southern winters outside have hardie stock for sale

Elizabeth H.
wirdan mahzumi Fri Feb 6 2009
in my country, indonesia, regency Sekadau, Kalimantan Barat province, i saw many physalis peruviana grow, we used for malaria or diabetitic mellitus, we are drink one glass, leaf with warm water.
Elizabeth H.
Peter LEWIN Fri Oct 23 2009
I have grown five plants from seed, and have transplanted them twice. They live on my lounge window ledge, and receive about 21C during the evening, and whatever heat comes from the sun during the day. My problem is that they have grown to about 5-6' and try to flower but they are weak, and eventually drop off. Two questions if anyone can help..can I cut the centre stems down, and will they survive throughout the year? So, growing Northern UK, and plenty of shubbery. Cheers, Peter
Elizabeth H.
david Fri Oct 23 2009
Clipping growing tips is usually recommended (to make it compact) rather than cutting the main stem, if grown for over a year they can be pruned right back to encourage new growth that will produce fruit(info from Discovering Fruit and Nuts by S Lyle). In my experiece this plant does not like it too dry, that or something else may be the problem.
David H.
Jan 15 2012 12:00AM
If growing from seed, I would recommend sowing in Jan-Feb indoors as they take about a month to germinate and are very slow to grow for the first two months. Further, growth takes a while to start again after transplanting. These will grow vigorously outside in the UK. I would imagine they would have no problem growing even in Scandinavia. When all else had died in my garden, these were still growing vigorously through into January, when the frosts killed them. The problem with Physalis p. is that the fruit doesn't have adequate conditions to ripen in the UK; at least not in Shropshire. They may fare better in region 9 areas, but as they ripen late I think these would require a poly-tunnel anywhere in the UK. Although the plants have no problem with producing 75-100 fruits per plant, only one or two will fully ripen and a handful of others will half ripen. There are reports that this can only be grown as an annual in the UK, but the roots should survive the winter, especially if given some protection. If growing outside, it will also need some protection from wind. The stems are extremely prone to breaking.
Cat S.
B12 and human health Feb 9 2012 12:00AM
B12 - I think that this must be a typographical error. True B12 as an essential dietary additive has not been found in any plant material yet. The inactive forms found in algae have been studied and are at best neutral and sometimes harmful within the human diet.
Vegan Outreach
Ingrid N.
May 22 2012 12:00AM
I have been consuming these berries for a couple of months now, both dehydrated (like raisins) and cooked with porridge, rice, just about anything. They are extremely tart though occasionally there really is one that has a hint of pineapple flavor. I mention this because in Denmark, they are called ananas berries, but most of the berries I get (from Ecuador) are really sour. I got them because of a sudden crisis with my vision. This had been almost impossible to manage until adding these to my diet.
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Subject : Physalis peruviana  

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