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Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta - (Koidz.)Ohwi.                
                 
Common Name
Family Hemerocallidaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Large quantities of the leaves are said to be hallucinogenic. Blanching the leaves removes this hallucinatory component[205]. (This report does not make clear what it means by blanching, it could be excluding light from the growing shoots or immersing in boiling water[K].)
Habitats Meadows in high mountains, N. and C. Japan[58, 205]. Forests, forest margins, grassy slopes, stony places and roadsides at elevations of 500 - 2500 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
H. esculenta. Koidz.
Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Meadow; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and young shoots - cooked[105, 116, 177, 183]. They must be consumed when very young or else they become fibrous[K]. Flowers and flower buds - raw or cooked[105, 127, 177, 183]. The flowers are crisp and succulent with a delicious sweet flavour and no aftertaste[K]. The flowers can be dried and used as a thickener in soups etc. The flower buds contain about 43mg vitamin C per 100g, 983 IU vitamin A and 3.1% protein[205].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antidote;  Diuretic.

The juice of the roots is an effective antidote in cases of arsenic poisoning[205]. A tea made from the boiled roots is used as a diuretic[205].
Other Uses
Weaving.

The tough dried foliage is plaited into cord and used for making footwear[205]. Plants form a spreading clump and are suitable for ground cover when spaced about 45cm apart each way[208]. The dead leaves should be left on the ground in the winter to ensure effective cover[208]. (This report was for a plant labelled H. middendorfiana, which I have assumed is a mis-spelling of this species[K])
Cultivation details                                         
Succeeds in most soils[1], including dry ones, preferring a rich moist soil and a sunny position[111] but tolerating partial shade[88]. Plants flower less freely in a shady position though the flowers can last longer in such a position[205]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in short grass if the soil is moist[1]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Individual flowers only live for one day[205]. Plants take a year or two to become established after being moved but then form large clumps[200, 187]. The roots are fibrous without any obvious swellings[205]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. The plants are very susceptible to slug and snail damage, the young growth in spring is especially at risk[200].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow in the middle of spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid and good. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring[K]. Division in spring or after flowering in late summer or autumn[200]. Division is very quick and easy, succeeding at almost any time of the year[K]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Hemerocallis altissima 41
Hemerocallis aurantiaca 41
Hemerocallis bulbiferum 41
Hemerocallis citrinaCitron daylily41
Hemerocallis coreana 41
Hemerocallis darrowiana 41
Hemerocallis dumortieriDumortier's daylily41
Hemerocallis exaltata 41
Hemerocallis forrestii 21
Hemerocallis fulvaCommon Day Lily, Orange daylily, Tawny Daylily, Double Daylily52
Hemerocallis fulva longituba 41
Hemerocallis graminea 41
Hemerocallis hakunensis 41
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelusYellow Day Lily42
Hemerocallis littoreaCoastal Day Lily41
Hemerocallis micrantha 41
Hemerocallis middendorffiiAmur daylily, Middendorf, Daylily51
Hemerocallis minorGrassleaf Day Lily, Small daylily41
Hemerocallis multiflora 41
Hemerocallis pedicellata 41
Hemerocallis plicata 41
Hemerocallis species 41
Hemerocallis thunbergii 41
Hemerocallis yezoensis 41
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Koidz.)Ohwi.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
58266
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
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Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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